These pages may NOT be reproduced in any format for profit or presentation
by other organizations. Persons or organizations desiring to use this
material for non-commercial purposes, MUST obtain the written consent of
Submitted by Eckhart Public Library Staff <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
ROLL OF HONOR
The following is a list of the officers and privates of the DeKalb County Guards in Camp Allen at Fort Wayne, for the 30th Regiment.
Cyrus HAWLEY, Captain W.W. GRISWOLD, 1st Lieutenant, Job C. SMITH, 2d Lieutenant, Joshua EBERLY, lst Sergeant; Joseph MCKAY, 2nd Sargeant, Leander WELDIN, 3rd Sargeant, Jeremiah LIKENS, 4th Sargeant, Perry HODGES, 5th Sargeant, Cyrus HODGES, 1st Corporal, Wm. H. RHODES, 2nd Corporal D. D. CONNER, 3rd Corporal, Philip NOEL, 4th Corporal Wm. MILLER, 5th Corporal Henry STONER, 6th Corporal, Jonas CRAWFORD, 7th Corporal A. B. BOSS, 8th Corporal.
Privates: David ARTHUR, Cosper ALTENBURG, Isaiah BAUGHMAN, W. H. H. BEARD, Adna BROWN, F. BUCHANAN, Henry BOLINGER, George BOSLY, Israel CHURCH, Geo. COLE, A. COLLER, Z. B. CULBERSTSON, William H. COX, Wm. CENNOWAY, Wm. CRUSSAN, Charles DELONG, Ebenezer DELONG, LESTER DELANO, CALBERT J. DRUREY, John N. EBERLY, Lesley FISHER, John FURNEY, Lewis FISHER, Samuel FORD, William FORD, Wm. FIKE, Wm. R. FEAGLER, Robert FEAGLER, Nathan FREDESICKSON, William FREEMAN, Jesse GINGERICH, Samuel GEORGE, James H. HUGBY, David HEIGES, John HIGH, Henry HEALY, Peleg HULL, Amos HULL, Isaac HORNBERGER, R. H. JOHNSON, J. F. JOHNSON, David KNODERER, George LIGHTNER, A. F. LONG, John LAWRENCE, Joseph LOCKENMIRE, Samuel L. MUSSER, J. S. Murray, Perry MULLER, John MARKS, J. C. MYRES, Samuel NOTT, Nathenoi OSB ORN, Henry PARK, Hezekiah PLUMNER, John A. PROVINES, David RIGBY, Rolla RICKETTS, Levi RUTAN, Albert Reed, M. V. SNYDER, Elam SHAFFSTALL, Samuel ULEM, J. W.
WATSON, Jesse WALLACE, James WEIR, John C. WEEKS, Henry WAGNER, J. C. WHYSEN, Jonas ZIMMERON, Wm. SWIHART, Ephram SHULL, Benjamin SPOONHOWER. Copied from the New Era Newspaper for September 20, 1861.
DEKALB COUNTY GUARDS
From 1885 DeKalb History
"The first company raised entirely in this county, and officered by men from the county, was Captain HAWLEY’S, which entered the Thirtieth Regiment. This company was the pride of DeKalb County, and numbered in its body some of the best citizens. When fully organized, the ladies of Auburn presented the organization with a splendid banner. It was enthusiastically received, and a letter from the officers appeared in the New Era Newspaper, September, 1861. It was the last farewell word received from many brave hearts who never returned to their friends."
E. J. SHERLOCK, Esq., of Co. A. 100th regiment, in writing to us from Holly Springs, Miss. Under date of 4th inst., says that the 100th are at present stationed at that place and compose a part of MCDOWELL’S brigade, in Denver’s division, He says that they are on half rations, corn bread and beef at that and that they are without tents, and the only protection afforded them from the inclemency of the weather are their oil cloths. His company now report only 48 men for duty. He said they received their mail on the 29th ult., the first for six weeks; this brought them the news of the death of Capt. RHODES which produced a telling effect, not only in his company, but throughout the Regiment. He was respected and much beloved by all who knew him. By his men as one who cared for them, by others as a man and an efficient officer. In him their Regiment lost one of its best and truest men. The New Era Jan 17th, 1863
The 30th Indiana At Murfreesboro. In the published lists of our losses at Murfreesboro, we find the names of acting ADJ. STRIBLEY, Lieut. Co. A. Killed—Majr. FITSIMMONS and Capt. BUTCHER, Co. B. wounded. The New Era January 17, 1863
TO DANIEL GOODWIN-or any other man, We, the undersigned, have noticed an advertisement in the Waterloo Press of a Sheriff’s Sale, of a part of the real and personal property of Wm. MIDDLETON, now a member of Co. K., of the 44th Regiment of Ind. Volunteers, by virtue of a claim of Daniel GOODWIN on the property of said MIDDLETON. We consider the sale an advantage by said GOODWIN on MIDDLETON while serving his country, as we believe MIDDLETON to be an honest man, and will pay said debt as soon as it is in his powers so to do, and furthermore, if the sale comes off, we the Officers and Privates of Co. K., do censure such proceedings on the part of GOODWIN, and will take measures to have MIDDLETON reimbursed by GOODWIN, at the earliest opportunity:
S.C. ALDRICH, Cap’t Nicholas ENSLEY
J. H. WILSON, 1st Lt. J. E. PEARCE
S. H. ELLIOTT 4th S’t J. H. C. HOFFMAN
J. M. KIMSEY Major Joseph THOMPSON
W. T. KIMSEY, Drm’r ? M. WARD
G. W. GORDEN, or S’t Abram DEPENA
M. B. WILLIS 2nd St. Robert DOUGLAS
E. ALDRICH 3rd St. ?
O. F. KNAPP, Corp. Harrison HARWOOD
J. G. LONG Corp. Benj. E. CORNELL
T. O. LESLIE Corp Samuel E. MEESE
C. N. CLARK Corp M. CHICOAT
M. BENNETT Corp C. M. THOMAS
H. CORNELL Corp H. H. ALTMAN
Geo. W. MCDORMAN W. F. KEYNETT
Sam. FAIR I. I. FRAMPTON
S. M. CUTLER, Henry HAWLEY
Edward MUSSER Samuel SQUIERS
James MILLER Norman S__NK
James CHITCOAT George MANLEY
J. O. MCMILLAN Albert HIGGINS
Geo. SANDERSON James. Z. WISEMAN
F.W. WILLIS I. G. CASEBEER
Lemuel RICHEY S. E. WATROS
W. A. GREENAMYER, A. HOLLOPETER
Joseph P. SISSON J. J. SHATTOO
Orlo WHIPPLE M. V. HEFFELINGER
J. H. VAN AUKEN E. LAMB
W. F. HINKLE Levi WALLICK
Madison RODGERS C. SURFACE
D. W. SQUIRE Henry SERVANCE
H. C. LEMMAN John CLOOK
James SLOAN Geo. F. WlLSON
Elias BAYLOR R. LOCKWOOD
L. HOODLEMIER C. LOCKWOOD
I. F. HOUSEL Davis SMITH
From The Press (Waterloo) January 30, 1863
FROM NASHVILLE HOSPITAL
Isaiah BAUGHMAN, of Co. A. 88th Regiment, writes from the Hospital at Nashville. He was wounded in the late battle, and is still "on his back," as he says:
"Our Regiment marched up in front of the rebel lines on the morning of the last day of 1862, formed and lay down. But, soon after daylight, the battle commenced. The rebels pressed on the left of our lines, and drove us back, in spite of all we could do. They soon got a cross fire on us, but we re-formed in a cedar swamp, where the cedars grew as thick as ever the brush grew in the tamarack swamp. There we held our position, till nearly 10 o’clock, when the rebels drove our left lines back so far that they were on three sides of us, and we had to go back. Then the rebels got out of the woods, and our men went at them with a yell, and drove them awhile. The rebels fought the best the first day, but after that our men drove them back by inches till they had to retreat. I got along very well till the day after New Year’s, when I got a ball put through the calf of my right leg, but it did not hit the bone. It will be some time before I can soldier any more.
S. D. LIKENS of Co. H., 30th Reg., is here in hospital, shot through the back of the head. William MILLER, Peter BARNHART and Nathan OSBURN, of the same company were killed. I have not heard from the 44th yet. (signed) Isaiah BAUGHMAN From The Press (Waterloo) January 30 1863.
HEADQUARTERS 2ND DIVISION 13TH ARMY CROPS. DEPT. OF TENNESSEE
Grand Junction, Tenn Feb. 16, 1863
Here we are "bivouaced" for the present on a large plantation on the north side of the village; or rather it was a plantation, but now everything has fallen a victim to the propensities of the soldiers and appropriated to their peculiar necessitates, rendering not only this immediate vicinity, but all the surrounding country, a real waste.
We left Holly Springs on the 16th ult., and marched two days when we encamped at Salem, Miss., a considerable town entirely deserted, on the evening of the 9th, We arrived here during a heavy rain which continued without occasion until the next day; we were entirely without shelter, consequently suffered much from wet and cold. Such are some of the pleasures to soldiers who have so great a reverence for the proclamation have to endure; however, we fare much better here than we did in Mississippi, as we draw full rations of what is allowed by the regulations, except vegetables. I do not know whether our condition will be made any better this winter or not; we have drawn our tents since we arrived here, but they are small and very inadequate; four bull tents are allowed each company. We have received no clothing, and many of us no pay, since September, this serves to encourage and inspire the soldier with patriotism and love for the constitution in its present misconstrued form.
Three companies of our regiment are stationed at Hickory Valley, on the railroad running from this place to Columbus, KY. The Memphis and Charleston railroad is open to this place; trains run from here to Corinth via Jackson, Tenn. no trains run south of this point as VAN DORN is in possession of Holly Springs. Present movements indicate that a military post will be established here, the site is an admirable one, and almost seems to have been formed by nature for that particular purpose. Immediately north of the town is a mound of considerable height, the ground sloping off gradually in every direction; the summit of this mound is mounted with twelve guns and surrounded with fortifications, additional embankments and rifle pits are being dug and thrown up; regular details are made from the different regiments of our brigade for the building of these fortifications, &,c., although the place is swarming with contrabands, and who are "illy" provided with quarters and have neither bedding nor clothing to protect them from the cold. On the night of Jan. 15th twenty-nine of the unfortunates froze to death; forty-one froze to death in two nights, and deaths are occurring among them daily. I do not know what Abraham is going to do with them; I can see not change since the most important event of the war has taken place (the proclamation); great numbers of them are sent off on trains running toward Memphis, probably they are enlisted under CURTIS, as that General is recruiting a (colored) brigade.
I must quit writing for to-day and go on an errand to the hospital.
Well, this morning, Feb 15th, I proceed to finish my letter. This is a very dismal morning, snow and rain "’alf-an’alf" has been falling in torrents all night, snow about four inches in-depth. Yesterday afternoon about one entire regiment of (colored) left here on the train for Memphis. The scene attending this circumstance beggars all description; some fifteen hundred of the poor specimens gathered at the depot, men, women and children; the men only were taken away, and when the parting moment came it brought with it such a mingling of cries, shrieks and sobs, as can come only from such a mass of wretchedness; many of the men were separated from their wives and children and driven on board the cars at the point of the bayonet; their destination in all probability is Helena, there to enter the service. I am sure a regiment of them would not be very welcome in our brigade. The boys all have enough of the "(colored.)"
The health of our regiment is not good on an average; a death occurs every day, and some days more; in one instance three out of our company died in one day; we have seventy-nine men in our company, thirty-one of whom are fit for duty. Therewith send you a list of names deceased soldiers of our company: Captain M. L. RHODES, Orlander SKINNER, F. L. PENNY, George BEARNS and H. CULVER, died in Memphis; John S. KINDELL, J. C. McNABB and Abraham Anthony died at Holly Springs, Miss; J. W. MELVIN died in an ambulance near Holly Springs, and H. W. DIMITT died on the Hatchie River.
The field officers of our regiment, are all present for the first time since we have been in the service. A large amount of cotton is shipped from this part of Tennessee. The guerrillas made a raid on the railroad near here the other day. But they were discovered however in time and made to "skeedaddle" double quick; one train ran off the track killing five soldiers; our boys managed to draft eleven kegs of pickled pigs feet during the time.
A battle is expected to take place soon at this point, our pickets have had several lively skirmished with the enemy already; one regiment of our brigade was recently attacked at Davis Mills, four miles from here; the enemy was repulsed with a loss of seventeen. One thing is certain, when they come they will find the 100th on the alert.
Today all is quite along the line
E. J. SHERLOCK
Co. A, 100th Reg. I.V.M.
The New Era Feb. 28th, 1863
FROM THE 100TH regiment
Camp near Collerville, Tenn. April 6th, 1863
Mr. J. C. LOVELAND—Dear Sir: Having manned seven sleepless nights on patrol duty I feel disposed to change the routine of duty by writing to you and I shall choose for a subject that in which I feel immediately concerned, and deal with it as I feel to be proper.
"Sic" with rebellion before us, there is no mistaking the signs, of the times; we are engaged in a war, and who can point to the results? Are we to surrender all the advantages gained by the conflict? Or shall we conquer rebellion North and South, and force them to sue for peace and gladly return to their allegiance to the Flag, the Constitution and the LAWS? Much has been said as to the manner in which the war has been conducted; the complaints against the administration are many, and perhaps many of the complaints are well founded, but an anxiety has been manifested from the beginning to vigorously prosecute the war, and much as been accomplished, and I doubt not but that in most cases the Executive used the means placed at his disposal as judiciously as the time and circumstances would permit; that he had made some odious blunders is the opinion of many good statesmen, but all are wiser after the transpiring of events than before and not a few wish to make a display of their knowledge by criticizing actions after their performance which they could not have very well directed before and I regret to say that I have heard remarks doubting the ability of this Government to prosecute this war to an honorable conclusion. Such conclusion should be no less than the whole of the southern States together with their former allegiance. While I shall claim for myself and also yield to others the unlimited range of discussion, and while I do not question the truth of the sentiment that has been uttered in the North during the next winter that the Constitution guarantees the right of every man to speak to his country, though he may be overheard by the enemy, still I think there is propriety and discretionary by which it seems to me it was better not to pass. Every disloyal sentiment that is uttered in the North is echoed in the South, as we watch the fluctuations of opinion of secession and seek them in the journals of the day. So the same messengers carry back to that country all that we are doing and all that were saying. But far be it from me to question the conduct of any one, though I do not deem it prudent to say that there are doubts whether we will be able to crush the rebellion. Is it prudent to say the army is discouraged? Is it prudent to say there are no longer resources in treasury notes? Is it prudent to say our government is bankrupt? To ask if we can borrow money to pay our soldiers and then answer to the world no! If all this is so, if we are already unfaithful to the trust transmitted to us by our forefathers and purchased at the price of their blood, we are truly unworthy to enjoy its blessings -- The eyes of the world are upon us, and nothing worse can happen to us than to stop the war ingloriusly, and the nations of the earth are anxiously watching us regarding this as the great struggle which is to demonstrate to the world whether or not man is capable of self-government. Then this war should be prosecuted in that way which will most effectually bring about and secure the rights of the country. But it is said that the rebels will fight till the last extremity. It may be so. There are many desperate deeds recorded in history, and obstinacy is a peculiar trait of the southern people. We do not invade the South to subjugate her by merely to conquer a peace. If we quit the war it will be with dishonor. Now I ask what is the remedy? I can see some in compromise now from the fact that the rebels reject all compromised short of an acknowledgment of their independence. This is what we cannot submit to. Then the proper and only remedy is a vigorous prosecution of the war, and to this purpose all our efforts should be centered. I for one would rather meet any extremity on earth than yield a single right. What! Acknowledge inferiority? The sacrifice of life is nothing to sinking down to an acknowledgment of inferiority and surrender all our civil liberties. I hope for something more to American Citizens. The same God that guided and shielded our country in its struggle for independence is still our God, and will shield us in our present struggle, and I hope that ere the sweet messenger of peace shall have taken its flight from the dome of the Capitol to proclaim the glad tidings of joy to our distracted people, that many a time serving paltry politician; who estimates his selfish purposes higher than the Constitution of his country, may be numbered with the dead, and ___others driven from the councils of the nation. While we have been watching the enemy in front, there is one in power working mischief in our rear, but even this will not justify us in abandoning the project for which we rushed to arms, no more than the mere election of Abraham LINCOLN would justify rebellion before head had performed a single official act. But more of this anon.
Our brigade is in line of battle we were called out at two o’clock last night. A telegram from Gen. HURLBURT reports 7,000 rebel cavalry advancing from Grenada, Miss., and an attack will be made somewhere along the line. The telegram reports the rebels within four miles of our lines. All is in readiness. Brigade and regimental teams are corralled near the depot, the batteries have their position, arms are stacked on 14th parade ground, and the100th ready to go in with a will. Officers and men (especially our –Colonel) are cool and brave. Our brigade has been promoted and were now first brigade and first division, which is composed of the 12th Ind. 25th and 9-th ILL, (the latter Irish regt.) and the 100th, Ind. (Col. LOOMIS of the 26th, ILL acting Brig. General. Gen. The health of the troops is good, and soldiering is not so much of a task as it was in winter. With assurances of the regard I have for you, I will close remaining as ever. Very respectfully your observer E. J. SHERLOCK The New Era April 25, 1863
Tonight we went to meeting and the preacher took a collection of the soldiers (meaning that a collection was taken for the Civil War soldiers in the Union Army.) From Lewis M. Rude Diary page 6 (Sunday January 10) for the year 1864.
Company H, 30th Indiana Regiment arrived home last evening on furlough having re-enlisted for three years during the war. Our citizens gave the heroes of Shiloh, Marfrer and Chickamanngoa, Marfreesboro, public reception, the particulars of which we lay before our readers next week. The New Era January 16, 1864. Paper missing for the 23rd.
Company K, of the 44th Indiana Regiment, reached home on last Saturday. All of the member’s left, without exception we believe, have re-enlisted in the veteran service. The Regiment arrived in Fort Wayne on the 29th ult., and was received by the citizens of that city with a grand public reception, the particulars of which may be found in another column as furnished to the Toledo Commercial by its Fort Wayne Correspondent, which we copy from that paper. The New Era February 6, 1864
GRAND RECEPTION OF THE GALLANT 44th VETERAN IND. VOLS, AT FORT WAYNE. Fort Wayne January 30, 1864
EDITOR COMMERCIAL –Yesterday was a gala day in Fort Wayne, being the occasion of the reception and welcome of the Veteran 44th Regiment Indiana Volunteers, returning to their homes after an absence of nearly three years. At an early hour the streets and various public buildings were decorated with flags, and many private dwellings were draped with the "red, white and blue" from the caves to the pavement, presenting a scene which filled the soul of the patriotic citizen with a feeling of reverence for that noble emblem—the Stars and Stripes of American Liberty.
At ten o’clock the booming of cannon and ringing of bells were given as a signal for the ladies, to repair to the Depot with their baskets of provisions and delicacies for the dinner. Long before the arrival of the train, the streets and depot were thronged with hundreds of people anxiously waiting to once more greet with a warm heart, and a happy smile the brave boys of the 44th.
At 12 o’clock the booming of cannon announced the arrival of the regiment, who were greeted with hearty cheers by the multitude. They were welcomed back to their homes and friends by Mayor Randall, after which they formed in line and marched to the large freight depot of the P. FT. W. & C. R. R., where a sumptuous dinner was awaiting them, prepared by the ladies of Fort Wayne. They marched into the room in two columns, one on each side of the table, "grounded arms,’ and prepared to partake of the rich viands spread out before them. The tables extending the entire length of the building, were loaded with chickens, turkeys, beef, cheese, butter, pickles, canned fruits of all kinds, pies, cakes, coffee, etc., etc. It was partaken of by the soldier with a relish that told how fully they appreciated the good things for the inner man. Their eyes sparkled with thanks to the fair ones who waited on them.
As the regiment stood and partook of their dinner, with their torn old flag resting beside them, and the band discoursing sweet airs of hope, bringing up memories of the past, it seemed more like a time for weeping and mourning than for rejoicing, so many of their brave comrades were gone. Out of ten hundred and forty, only two hundred and seven are left to return to their homes, and account the many scenes they have passed through. Their fallen comrades are numbered among the silent ranks and their bodies lie moldering in seven different States.
At the conclusion of the dinner a formal reception speech was made by Mr. H. WITHERS. Mr. WITHERS said the 44th had fought hard, and fought nobly. Not one of them had ever turned his back to the enemy. It had fought with proud distinction in the four great battles of Donelson, Shiloh, Stone River and Chickamauga, never flinching in the face of danger, never shrinking from death itself. He closed his remarks by saying that the greatest victory won by the gallant 44th was that of every man re-enlisting for the war. Brave soldiers’ you have declared to your country and to the world; that while the rebellion lasts, you desire no rest or peace. God bless you! We welcome you home with outstretched arms and generous hearts.
Col. ALDRICH responded in behalf of the regiment, recounting the many struggles the regiment had passed through. He said they had returned with hardly one fourth of their original number, but they were strong still. He wished to thank the ladies of Indiana for what they had done for the battlefield, and at home. He did not believe there were any better women in the world than the daughters of Indiana.
At the conclusion of Col. ALDRICH’S speck, Cols. REED and CASE were called out and spoke feelingly of their connection with the regiment, and bade them welcome home. At the conclusion of their remarks the regiment turned into line and marched up Calhoun Street, to the Court House. The sidewalks were lined with citizens, and from the windows banners and handkerchiefs were waved by many fair hands.
After cheers for the war worn veterans, the gallant ladies, and the patriotic citizens, the regiment was dismissed, each one to seek repose for a short time, at his welcome home. It was an earnest welcome, and a fitting reception for those whom all should be proud to honor and make glad. Yours respectfully. NEMO. The New Era February 6, 1864.
THE COMING DRAFT
The following circular has been issued from the Provost Marshal General’s office.
Boards of enrollment will at once commence to prepare cards for the draft of men enrolled, including the second class.
Cards will be uniform in shape, size and color, with those of the first class, and will contain the name and residence of the person enrolled, with the number which is opposite his name on the enrollment lists.
Names of persons heretofore stricken from the lists for manifest permanent physical disability and not-residence will not be placed in the box or wheel.
The names of those who were drafted or held to service, or paid commutation or furnished substitutes under the preliminary part of the draft of 1863, and names of those known to be in service at the date of receipt of order for the draft will also be left out of the box or wheel, names of all persons enrolled will be put in the draft box.
John B. FRY
Provost Marshall General
The New Era March 5, 1864. (See also the enumeration book at the Eckhart Public Library or on microfilm at the Waterloo Library for the list of the men eligible for service, or in the service.)
Louisa is gone down to Henry BALL’S School to night thare (there) was a war lecture at the meeting house by Mr. PINCHEM but he did not get any volenteers (volunteers). (Volunteers for the Union Army) Wednesday February 24, 1864 Page 16 from Lewis Rude Diary.
Jonathan M. BALDWIN went to war today Monday, April 4, 1864. Lewis RUDE Diary. (This is Mary RUDE’S father in Pennsylvania).
Father went to town and he got three letters one from Susquehanna and by it we learned that Mary’s father has gone to the army. He went last Monday we feel very bad about it Thursday, April 7, 1864 Lewis RUDE Diary.
We had a letter to day from Father BALDWIN. He is at Harrisburg, Penn. He is well and he says he likes Army life first rate. I am glad of it. Tuesday, April 19, Lewis RUDE Diary.
Old Gen. GRANT has had a hard fight with the Rebels and they say he has given them a good whipping. I hope it is so. It has rained a good deal and now it is quite cold. (Battle of the Wilderness May 5 and 6, 1864 near Chancellorsville, Virginia) May 10, 1864 Lewis RUDE Diary.
Old GRANT is still giving the rebels …(Battle of Spottsylvania, Virginia, May 10, 1864.) Lewis RUDE Diary May 12, 1864. (The Battle of Spottsylvania was resumed May 12, 1864. It was one of the bloodiest of the Civil War-note by John Martin Smith)
We had a letter today from Father BALDWIN. He was then near Washington but expected to leave for South Carolina in a short time. Tuesday May 31, 1864 Lewis RUDE Diary.
I got a letter from Mother BALDWIN they was all well. Father Baldwin was near Richmond the last they heard from him. Wednesday June 15, 1864 Lewis RUDE Diary.
We got two letters to day one from Emily BALDWIN and her photograph she says father BALDWIN is in the Hospital. We had a letter from Ruth TARBOX she says that Cyrus and Marvin is dead. Saturday July 9, 1864 LEWIS RUDE Diary.
I got a letter from Susquehanna thare is another call for 100,000 more men for the army. Saturday, July 23, 1864 :Lewis RUDE Diary.
We got a letter to day from Father BALDWIN he is still at Petersburg he is some stouter. Wednesday, August 3, 1864. Lewis RUDE Diary.
I sined (signed) $25.00 to day for the draft that is for them that has to go. Friday August 26, 1864. Lewis RUDE Diary
Thare is going to be a draft the 5th of September of 28 in this town Monday, August 8, 1864 Lewis RUDE Diary
From the Lewis RUDE diary for the year 1864
Saturday, September 3
I was up to the Center School house at a meeting for the benefit of those that will be drafted we paid 25 dollars a piece and those that are drafted will get the Money.
Thursday September 22
The draft was off in this town ship to day and perhaps I am drafted.
Monday, September 26
They did not draft this Township to day but Troy Township was drafted and thare(there) was twenty four drafted.
Thursday, September 29
Joe LEWIS was here to day to get money to keep us from the draft. I sined(signed) $25.00 and father sined(signed) $50.00 and paid it. To night Frank and I was up to the Center school house to a meeting about the draft we was thare(there) till very late they raised about $6,000.
Friday, September 30
Last night we was at the meeting till one O’clock I sined(signed) $10.00 more. I paid it to day.
Saturday, October 1
I went up to Joe LEWIS this morning to see what they had done at the meeting they have engaged the men for $3.60 dollars each. They have raised about $8,000 dollars
Friday, October 7
Frank and I was up to the center school house to another meeting. I paid ten dollars more and thare (there) was a good deal paid they have got about money enough now. That is $9,400.
Saturday, October 8
I got my money that I paid to the old club last night. They have to give $4.00 for the men now.
Sunday, October 9
I heard to day that the draft would have to go off in this township they could not get the men, and so we will have to stand the draft.
Wednesday, October 12
Went up to Joe LEWIS to pay 100 dollars into the draft they have 4500 and them that is drafted gets the money.
Saturday, October 15
The draft went off to day. They did not draw my name and so I am free. Frank PHILIPS was drafted and Noah SHOWALTER and Clark PARKER and a great many I have not got room to name.
Tuesday, October 18
The draft is making quite a ster (stir) among the folks. Some have run off and some they have taken to camp and some are hireing (hiring) men to go in their places.
Sunday, November 6
The most that was drafted has to go. Frank PHILIPS has to go but Noah SHOWALTER does not.
Tuesday, November 8
Tom RUDE come along here to night he has got back from the Army on a furlough.
Monday, November 14
Frank PHILIPS has gone to the army.
Wednesday, December 7
One of the letters I got for Theoph was from Frank. He was at E. Chattanooga, Tenn.
Tuesday, December 20
I heard there was another call for some more men for the Army.
(The above is typed as it appears in the diary)
THE RESISTANCE IN JACKSON TOWNSHIP
In the original draft of Jackson Township in this county, forty two names were drawn-twenty-one being the quote assigned. Upon an investigation of the enrollment list, previous to notifying the drafted men it was ascertained that the enrollment and quota was too large, which was at the time very properly corrected and the last six names of the drafted men were stricken from the draft list, and those persons were to be treated as not drafted at all. To show more clearly that such was the real understanding at that time, notice was sent to these person, from the Provost Marshall’s office, to not report at the Marshall’s office at all.
In this condition the matters so far as those men were concerned, remained, until last Friday night an Saturday morning, when four men clothed with authority from the Marshall’s office, appeared in the township and commenced tearing these six men who had been relieved of the draft as before stated from their beds and families at the dead hour of night, no previous notice having been given them, save that given to remain at home.
Under such a statement of facts is it to be wondered that some feeling of hatred and vengeance towards some persons, at least, would have been produced; and when it is remembered that the people of his township above all others, have been most outrageously abused, and the bitterest denunciations and epithets heaped upon them because of its large majority of democratic voters, and when threats of the most fiendish character have also been thrust at them, it can not be presumed but that some suspicions of foul play would have been created, an in the excitement something more than was done would have been enacted.
The citizens became aroused as the news spread throughout the township and in the excitement followed the parties making the arrests and rescued, without violence whatsoever on their part or any effort on the part of the officers, who had charge of the arrested men, one man young Wilson DANCER, saying however, that those who were willing to go with the officers could, but those who were not willing they would release.
Two men only, John COY and Peter SHAFFER-were taken from the township, and because of the facts recited above and the physical disabling of each, both were speedily discharged by the Provost Marshall and his co-counselors, they, however, apologizing for the wrong done these men, and asserting that it occurred because of a misapprehension on the part of one of the clerks in the office. This as we have carefully endeavored to ascertain is the long and short of the story, which will doubtlessly be exaggerated.
Unhappy as the occurrence was, and thankful that it is not worse, we must all in judging of the transaction and the motives of the parties, view them as they are and view them under the circumstances
DeKalb Democrat Friday January 27, 1865
An effort is being made by certain parties in our county to induce the County Commissioners to appropriated a sufficient sum to appropriate a sufficient sum to relieve the county from the impending draft, by purchasing volunteers. The effort has been carried to such an extent that our County Auditor supposed an emergency which the law contemplated existed, and therefore called the County Board together last Saturday, to take action on that subject; but they adjourned without that action until to-morrow.
We do not think the Commissioners will make the appropriation, for the following reasons: First, they have no legal authority to do so, and especially so at a called session. Secondly, because the county is already greatly in debt; and thirdly because it would be gross injustice to those already in the army from this county, who have not received a bounty, and as they an be placed on an equal footing. In this article we do not desire to discuss the legal question involved in their favor to so at, but will avert to only the other reasons stated.
If a draft takes place the quota of this county cannot fall short of three hundred-it may be more. To procure that number at the present prices for volunteers which is about 500 dollars each, would cost us one hundred and fifty thousand dollars..(There is more to this article and can be found in the DeKalb Democrat for January 27, 1865)
No County Bounty- The board of Commissioners of the county met last Saturday to take action on the propriety of offering a bounty to volunteers to fill the quota of this county provision to the draft. They unanimously decided that the appropriation – That’s right. Now let the frightened abolitionists and weakbacks howl. The stay at home patriots have since last Saturday been very busy studying the geography of the western territories and gold regions and making loud inquiries for money to borrow. Run, Boys, run! DeKalb Democrat February 5, 1865
THE QUOTA—The following letter received by us a few days ago, will explain itself to our readers. The information it contains cannot be very desirable to anyone:
Head Quarters-Provost Marshall 10th Dist. Kendallville Feb. 3, 1865.
"Dear Sir—Below I hand you the quota of the different townships in De Kalb County,
Capt. And Prov. Marshall 10th Dist, Ind.
Troy 11 Wilmington 8
Franklin 35 Stafford 8
Smithfield 34 Newville 13
Fairfield 37 Concord 41
Richland 41 Jackson 19
Union 56 Butler 20
The above is a copy of a letter this day received T. R. DICKINSON 2-4-1865
From the DeKalb Democrat February 1, 1865
DRAFT’S ALARM-The following paraphrase of an old hymn, which almost every one will recognize we commend to our readers as a most capital hit. We would be pleased to hear from F. B. again:
Why do we mourn conscripted friends,
Or shake at drafts alarms:
T’is but the voice that Abraham sends
To make us" shoulder arms!"
Are you not tending hither too,
As fast as we are slain"
Then save your tears, he’ll call for you
To fill his ranks again.
Why should you tremble at the thought
Of sons and daughters slain"
T’is by our blood the colored’s bough
From Slavery iron chain.
Yes! Father Abraham’s decreed,
Before this war shall cease,
The last colored shall be freed,
And then he’ll whisper peace.
The Union he has quite forgot—
The laws he will not heed;
The millions slain he heeds them not—
The colored must be freed.
The ties that bind you to your home,
Your love of liberty
Must break, and die, the time has come—
The colored must be free.
Then dash the tears from off your cheeks,
The babe from of your knee;
Report, it is your Master speak--
The colored must be free.
An you, for Abe will call you soon,
Like ya must share and bleed;
Must march to Dixie to the tune-
The colored must be freed.
From the DeKalb Democrat February 10, 1865
ARMY Correspondence. Head-Quarters 100th Reg’t Ind. Vol’s Beaufort, S. C., Jan 20, 1865
W. H. DILLS, Esq.—I have not written to you since last August, before Atlanta; but as I am now on the other side of the Confederacy, and have a little leisure time, I propose writing you briefly, and will give you a synopsis of our operations for the last few months, as it occurs to my memory, in gliding very hastily along. I can give you nothing in detail, as neither time or space will permit. The details would fill a handsome volume. I give it you in brief, as the friends of most of the members of Co. A live in the vicinity of Auburn, and have access to your valuable paper, and will read with pleasure the actions of those, whom they may proudly claim as their relatives and friends; and who they may rest assured will never bring reproach upon themselves, or those with whom they are connected; and who will hereafter as heretofore, continue to pour the vials of wrath upon the heads of rebels, until rebels are no more.
We were mustered in the U. S. service, Sept. 10th, 1862, went to Carrolton, Ky., remained there until Nov. 10th, when we returned to Indianapolis, remained a few days, then started for Cairo, Illinois, boarded vessels here for Memphis, Tennessee, November 25th, we started with the expedition through Central Mississippi, were engaged with Sterling Price’s forces on the Tallahatchia; we followed his retreating forces as far as the Yacusapatufne river, returned to Holly Springs, and fought Van Dorn; remained a few days, then marched for Grand Junction, Tenn., at which place we arrived January 9th, ’63; went into winter quarters. The campaign we had then just finished was one of very great severity, and increased the mortality of our regiment to an alarming extent, we being unaccustomed to the hardships of Mississippi mid-winter campaigning—Many had ere this tell victims to the spotted fever on the Mississippi river. The country, over which we marched in the above-mentioned campaign, was rendered almost perfectly desolate—everything being destroyed. We remained in winter quarters until March 9th, when we moved to Collierville, Tenn., at which post we remained until June 7th, while we were here we had but one engagement with the enemy, in which we repulsed them. We were engaged in capturing mules and cotton, guarding communications, &c.
June the 9th, we boarded the Mississippi Marine Fleet at Memphis, bound for Vicksburg, which was at that time the "Great Centre." On our way down we experienced one of the most terrific wind storms at Lake Providence, the character and magnitude of which, is seldom witnessed in that latitude. We ran to Young’s Point, Louisiana, then up the Yazoo river to Haines’ Bluff, from thence to the rear of Vicksburg. Five hours after the fall of the city, we moved toward Big Black river, to encounter JOHNSON’S army at Bird-Song Ferry. We fought him, and by the 9th of July, we had invested the city of Jackson, the Capital of the State, which after a siege of nine days, during which some hard fighting was done, the enemy evacuated. We re-crossed the Big Black, went in camp, July the 29th, in a very unhealthy place. Sept. 29th we moved to Vicksburg; boarded transports and on the 11th of October we landed again at Memphis. We then took up our line of march for Chattanooga, which was threatened by the rebel army under Gen. BRAGG. After marching nearly five hundred miles, we reached Chattanooga, on the night of Nov. 22 ’63, having made at that time one of the longest and most tedious marches of the war. Nov. 25, we charged the rebel lines on Missionary Ridge, in which we lost 137 men, or more than one-third of our regiment. The next morning we took up our line of march of Knoxville, in East Tennessee, 135 miles, to relieve. Gen. BURNSIDE, who was besieged by LONGSTREET. We were 15 miles from Knoxville, when LONGSTREET raised the siege-a timely act indeed. We then returned to Chattanooga, at which place we landed Dec. 17, 1863; living 23 days without drawing a single ration. January 6, 1864, we went in quarters at Belfount, Alabama, at which place we remained until April 30, when we started on a campaign which has scarcely yet ended. We have taken part in nearly all the engagements from Resaca to Lovejoy; and in the engagements of Dallas, New Hope Church, Big Shanty, Jonesboro and Lovejoy, we played a very conspicuous part, and upon those bloody fields, some of those gallant fellows who once paraded the streets of your village of Auburn, "Sleep the sleep that knows no waking." From Lovejoy, we withdrew our forces to East Point, and went into camp hoping to rest awhile; but alas, all are doomed to disappointment. HOOD moved his army forward, we of course followed; at Taylor’s Ridge, where we charged his rear-guard, capturing the 24th S.C. V. We followed him to Turykeytown, Alabama, 35 miles from Huntsville. We there, by a long circuitous route landed at Smysna camp ground, near Sandtown, Ga., on the 4th of Nov. having marched near 499 miles from East Point. I neglected to mention, however that we whipped WHEELER, on Little River, in Alabama Oct. 25th, in which the 100th was the skirmish line. The engagement here at Lovejoy, was short, but hot..
Immediately after arriving at Camp Smyrna, we began preparations for the short but active campaign, which resulted in the capture of Savannah. As we passed the city of Atlanta, Nov., 14th, we had the satisfaction of seeing just at day-break the light of the flames, which were consuming the city. We marched through and viewed the work of desolation and destruction with a degree of satisfaction in which none could so heartily participate as those who had lain in the ditches for weeks under a galling fire from the batteries. The order of the "raid" as it is called is to well known for me here to speak of, suffice to say the 15th Army Corps was on the extreme right. Our line of march was uninterrupted, and the work of destroying, such as mills, railroads factories cotton-gins, &c, &c., went quietly on until we had crossed the Macon and Milledgville Railroad at a Point nine miles from Macon, when on the morning of Nov. 22nd, Kilpatrick’s Cavalry commenced skirmishing briskly near Griswoldville. Here the 2nd Brigade 18th Div., 15th A. C., moved to their support. The rebels charged and drove the cavalry. The Brigade moved forward ¾ of a mile,-halted and barricaded on a large plantation. In less than thirty minutes the confederates moved forward across the plantation in three heavy lines of battle with five brigades of infantry. We did not fire a gun, not even our artillery, until they were with 350 yards of our works, when one of the most furious battles took place, in which I have ever been. BEAUREGARD commanded in person, with a force of 4800. Our force was 1420 all told. Our position was such that we could not be flanked, nor fall back on account of a deep morass. The orders came three times to fall behind the morass, but we held our ground. Gen. HOWARD complimented us very highly.—The rebel dead and wounded on the field the next morning were 1470—more than our entire number. Our entire loss was 84. Their loss is estimated at 1250, which is small, according to the number left on the field. Loss in the 100th 18 wounded and two killed on field. Wounded of Company A, Eli J. SHERLOCK, through toes of right foot; Levi B. POWELL, left index finger amputated, Geo. BUCHANAN, left arm paralyzed by stroke of schrapnell. Our march after this until the time we settled down around Savannah, was quiet and unmolested. After the evacuation of the city, we moved down the coast railroad to the Attamata river and returned to the city, where we remained until January 10th, when we moved to Thunderbolt Bay, four miles from Savannah,--boarded vessels and on the 18th we landed at Beaufort, South Carolina. In a few days you will hear of our operating in a new locality.
We have been twice through the Confederacy—have been in all the rebel states but Texas and Virginia, and there is a strong probability that we will soon invade the sacred soil of the Old Dominion. We have been in five sieges, thirteen pitched battles and sixteen skirmishes. According to the reports of Engineer’s Corps, we have up to January 1st, 1865, marched fifty-seven hundred miles, thirteen hundred of this was by steam on the Mississippi and Atlantic.
When we left he public square in Auburn, August 18th, 1862, we numbered 94 men, 7 are transferred, 15 discharged, 2 resigned, 33 are numbered with the illustrious dead, and one a prisoner,--total loss 58. We have now eight men who have never been wounded; 28 wounded once, 9 twice, and 4 three times. The face of our rolls have never been disgraced with the name of "deserter" since our muster into the service, and never will be, judging from the gallant fellows who compose the rank and file.
I must close as the oysters are ready for dinner. They only cost 20 cents per quart. I will write to you again as soon as we get to Charleston. You may regard this as a loose remark, but I don’t, however. Hoping I will soon be able to fulfill my promise, I Remain,
Very Respectfully , Yours &c., Eli. J. SHERLOCK, Captain Co. A. 100th Ind.
P.S.-Surgeon SWARTS, has again joined us via New York The above is from the DeKalb Democrat February 3, 1865
The secessionists of our town—just like Jeff. DAVIS & Co., who were bound to rule or ruin—in the late matter of the celebration at this place, as a pretext for seceding and setting up a small concern of their own based exclusively on the colored idea, stated that the story which has been indirectly adopted by the PRESS, that the Committee of Arrangements: ELSOR, HODGE,BARNEY, W. GRISWOLD and GROSS, sought in their program, to disgrace and degrade the soldiers by placing them in a certain position in the procession.-Indeed, it is quite a likely story, when we remember the relation those men bear as relatives to those who are now or have been in the army. Mr. HODGE has been in the service; Mr. BARNEY has had two sons there, one as a Captain, the other now filling a Southern grave; ELSON has had three brothers in the service; Mr. W. GRISWOLD has had a son there almost four years, filling positions from that of lst Lieut. Of the 30th Ind. Reg., to Colonel of the 152nd; and Mr. GROSS has a step father and half brothers in the same service, and yet for sooth, we hear it said these Committee men sought to disgrace the returned solders. Preposterous—Shame, shame, on such barefaced falsehoods and contemptible lying pretexts. The Democrat July 13, 1865.