Excerpts from Internet
Operations of the Indiana Legion and minute men, 1863-4
Documents presented to the General assembly
with the governor's message, January 6, 1865
I found this information interesting because it consists of what those military people involved had to say about Morgan's raid. The entire group of documents is at the link above, I have not changed anything except put it in a more readable format. Many of us had ancestors in the "Indiana Legion" and below these reports I have listed the names adopted by each regiment from Jennings, Jefferson and Switzerland Counties. The members of each regiment chose the names themselves. The "Indiana Legion" evolved into the Indiana National Guard.
ADDRESS OF GOVERNOR MORTON.
To the Officers and Soldiers of the " Legion " and "Minute Men " of Indiana :
Having received information that a rebel force, estimated at six thousand strong, with six pieces of artillery, had crossed the Ohio
river into Harrison county, I issued a call on Thursday last, to the patriotic citizens of the State to leave their various occupations and turn out for its defense, and, if possible, capture the insolent invaders. The evidence was abundant that the original purpose of the rebels was to seize, plunder and burn the capital, but as their course would be uncertain, it was necessary to make preparations to encounter them in every direction. Within forty-eight hours from the time the call was issued, not less than sixty-five thousand men had tendered their services and were on their way to places of rendezvous, while many thousands more were preparing, but were notified to remain at home. Within three days, thirty thousand men, fully armed and organized, had taken the field at various points to meet the enemy.
This wonderful uprising will exert a marked effect throughout the country, exhibiting, as it does, in the strongest and most favorable light, the military spirit and patriotism of our people.
At the first landing on our soil, the rebel advance was met and fought by the neighboring "Legion," and, although our forces were few in number, and were driven back, they gave the rebels a clear foretaste of what they might expect when they penetrated the interior of the State. Within ten hours after they entered our borders, their invasion was converted into a rapid and desperate flight. In whatever direction they turned they were confronted by large bodies of armed men. Wherever they approached the river, with the view to crossing, they found large bodies of troops prepared to dispute their passage. In half a dozen cases they were offered battle, which they invariably declined. They dodged and ran, by night and by day, and finally succeeded in making their escape over our eastern border into Ohio.
They are reported to have murdered several of our citizens in cold blood, to have plundered many of their horses, money and goods, and to have burned and otherwise destroyed much valuable property. The injury done the railroads was slight, and has been almost entirely repaired. They had but little time to do damage beyond the murder and plunder of surprised and defenceless citizens along the line of their flight.
For the alacrity with which you responded to my call and left your harvest fields, your work- shops and offices, and took up, arms to protect your State and punish the invaders, allow me, on behalf of the State, to tender my hearty thanks. Your example will not be lost upon the nation, and you have taught the rebels a lesson which will not be forgotten. In the light of these events, it is impossible not to perceive the importance of a thorough organization of the Legion. The presence of an organized force ready to take the field at a moments notice is a standing security against invasion and depredation, and I am very anxious that so far as it is possible, the temporary organization of the " Minute Men " may be converted into permanent ones under the law ; and that exertions will everywhere be made to recruit the ranks of the Legion and perfect its drill and efficiency.
Given at the Executive Department, Indianapolis, Indiana, this 15th day of July, 1863.
OLIVER P. MORTON,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief,
REPORT OP MAJOR GENERAL LEW. WALLACE.
CRAWFORDSVILLE, IND., August 16, 1863.
Adj. Gen. Laz. Noble:
According to request, I send you the following report. I reported myself to Gov. Morton on the morning of the llth of July, and, at his request, took command of a detachment of the Legion, for operations against John Morgan, who was then in the neighborhood of Vernon, in this State.
It appears Gen. Carrington had reported to Gen. Willcox that, as early as 8 o clock, A. M., a body of troops, twenty-two or twenty-five hundred strong, was ready to march. I waited for them at the depot of the Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, intending to put them on the cars, and proceed immediately to Vernon.
About 10, A. M., Colonel Shuler reported his regiment. Upon inquiry, I found he had no ammunition. Shortly after, Col. Gregory
reported his command. It, also, was without ammunition; in addition, it was without rations. The united strength of the two was
about thirteen hundred effective, and they were all that reported to me.
I was compelled to wait for ammunition until about four o clock Receiving a limited supply, a start was then made for Vernon. At
Columbus I was officially informed, from headquarters at Indianapolis, that a demand had been made on Gen. Love, at Vernon, for surrender that he had refused, but waited reinforcements.
Dispatches from Old Vernon also informed me that Love was sur rounded by Morgan s whole force, about 6000 strong, with six guns.
About the same time I was notified that the 15th Indiana Battery had left Indianapolis to report to me. Assurance of the enemys
presence in force, at Vernon, made it my duty to await the Battery at Columbus. Meantime, every preparation was made for a fight. There was reason to believe that Morgan, if he was seriously demonstrating against Vernon, would attempt to prevent me from reinforcing Love. It became necessary, therefore, to anticipate, as far as possible, every contingency, and provide against them beforehand. If attacked at all, it would be while my command was in the cars. All my preparations and orders were promptly executed, except by the Captain of the Battery. He was ordered to keep his horses harnessed, but he failed to do so, and, as a consequence, the little column had to wait for him and his battery at North Vernon until after day-light before it could move. About six o clock the column started for Old Vernon, where we arrived only to be informed that Morgan had decamped.
This movement satisfied me of what I felt assured before, viz., that Morgan would not fight, if he could help it ; also, that as against his mounted men infantry could accomplish nothing more than the defense of towns and railroad bridges. At Vernon Gen. Love turned the command over to me. That officer and his subordinates are really entitled to just credit. Besides firmly rejecting the demand for surrender, he made the best possible disposition of his little force to defend the town, and, like his men, was willing and ready to fight. [ subjoin an informal report which I had made of the two commands
united at Vernon.
To pursue Morgan on foot was folly. From Vernon I was at first disposed to march immediately to Madison, but concluded to wait until it was definitely ascertained where the enemy was going. It soon appeared that he was heading east. I then suggested throwing a force down the Lawrenceburgh railroad, and telegraphed for per mission to move my command to Osgood.
I telegraphed to Lawrenceburgh, asking citizens to collect wagons and meet me at a designated point in my advance. There can be no doubt that if this plan could have been carried out, I could have over taken Morgan somewhere about the State line. He was at that time not more than twenty-five miles ahead of us, and moving slowly.
With the wagons I could have made a forced march of sixty miles. Unfortunately, the confusion in Dearborn county, consequent upon the enemy s presence, was so great as to make it next to impossible to procure a sufficiency of the required transportation.
On the 14th I marched to Sunman s station, on the Indianapolis and Lawrenceburgh Railroad, a few miles beyond Milan, joining
Gen. Hughes. His command, added to mine, made a force of about fifty-five hundred strong, amply sufficient to have flogged the enemy in an open field fight. While at Vernon I issued an order for the collection, by impressment, of all the horses within three miles of the place.
So industriously did Col. Shuler, to whom the business was entrusted, work, that by three o clock he had one hundred and sixty horses. These were mounted by det. from his regiment and Col. Gregorys. The command of the detachment was given Col. Shuler, and he at once started in pursuit, with orders to follow Morgan vigorously, never leaving his trail while in Indiana.
The Colonel, I am glad to say, outstripped Gen. Hobson s cavalry, and overtook the enemy at Harrison, where he reports having had quite a skirmish. It is very much to be regretted that the Legion consists so entirely of infantry. Two or three regiments of cavalry would have stopped Morgan before he passed into Ohio. I respect fully suggest attention to the organization of that arm of the service. In conclusion, I have no doubt the men under my command would have acquitted themselves handsomely in fight, if opportunity had offered. Their conduct under arms was in every way creditable.
Your friend and servant,
Maj. Gen. Volunteers,
REPORT OF LIEUT. W. H. SMITH, R. Q. M. & A. A. C. S.
MAJOR GENERAL WALLACE S DIVISION.
INDIANAPOLIS, July 28, 1863.
I have the honor to submit the following statement of property impressed by order of Major General Lew. Wallace for the use of
the United States forces under his command during the late Morgan expedition, and for which receipts were given by W. H. Smith, First Lieutenant and Regimental Quartei master of the 103d Regiment Indiana Militia, and A. A. C. S. General Wallaces Division :
Taken at gunman, Indiana.
Date. Name. Article Nett Weight.
July 15... Jane Stewart ...Two head of cattle... .1000 pounds.
...H. Ripka One 600 i;
...J. Stagner Two 400 "
...Michael Abplanalp...Two 400 "
...C.Anderson- Three .... ..... 819 " *
" ...A. Lawrence Two 640 "
...Sam. J. Alden Two 1000
" 16... James Yannus One " 450 "
...F. Whitehead Two 650 "
...H. Neiman. Two bushels of salt.
Taken at Columbus, Indiana, July 11, 1863.
Jacob Fortner, 1 grey horse, 16 hands high.
W. P. Jones, 1 iron " " 15
Henry Wykoff, 1 grey " 15
Sam l Hege, 2 bay horses, 16 each.
" 1 saddle, 2 bridles and 1 halter.
B. B. Jones, 1 black horse, 17 hands high.
1 bay "16 "
" 1 " 14 15 hands and 3 inches high.
u 1 " mare, 15 hands high.
" 1 grey horse, 14 "
" 5 bridles.
Also, no name given , 1 bay mare, saddle and bridle ; no receipt
given, no owner being found.
W. H. SMITH,
1st. Lieut., R. Q. M. 103d Regt.,
and A. A, C. S. Gen. Wallace s Di-o.
To GEN L LAZ. NOBLE,
Adjutant General Indiana .
MEMORANDUM OF PROPERTY RECEIPTED FOR BY W. H. SMITH, 1ST LIEUTENANT AND A. A. Q. M., GEN. WALLACE S DIVISION, INDIANA MILITIA.
At Columbus, Ind.
July 11 E. Nichols, 1 roan mare, 1 bridle and 1 saddle.
July 11 John Young, 2 bay horses. 3 saddles and 2 bridles.
July 11 S. McDermot, 3 saddles and 4 bridles.
W. H. SMITH,
1st Lieut. R. Q. M. 103d Reg t,
and A. A. Q. M. Gen. Wallace s Div.
Militia, Morgan Raid.
GENERAL JOHN LOVE. INDIANAPOLIS, July 20, 1863,
His EXCELLENCY, 0. P. MORTON, Governor of Indiana ;
By appointment as your Aid-de-Camp to visit New Albany, on the receipt of news here that Morgan was in the vicinity of Corydon, and to advise you of the condition of affairs there, I left this city, on tho 9th inst., at 4 o clock P. M.; reached Jeffersonville at 10, and New Albany at 11 P. M., where I found General James Hughes in command. General Hughes had made the best disposition possible of the forces under him. About two o clock A. M. of the 10th, we learned that Morgan did not intend an attack on New Albany, but was marching towards Salem. General Hughes being relieved from the command about this time, with his Staff, we took the early Jeffersonville train for Seymour, arriving at 10 A. M. General Hughes joined the troops who had organized and stationed at Mitchell. I remained at Seymour to organize Minute Men, and make the necessary disposition to meet Morgan, should he advance on Seymour, as then appeared quite probable. There were at Seymour two regiments of United States volunteers. To enable me to command all the forces, General Willcox appointed me Acting Brigadier General. The town of Seymour was filled with men from the neighborhood. These men were speedily organized, sworn into the State service for the emergency, and armed and equipped, to the number of three hundred. Mounted men, armed with their own rifles and shot-guns, were patrolling the country, and giving me information of the enemys whereabouts. For several hours after certain information that Morgan had taken Salem, it was impossible to learn what course he would next take. If his object was to damage the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, then Mitchell would be the next place; if to march on Indianapolis, as many supposed, then his route would be towards Seymour from Salem. At 2 o clock on the morning of the llth, an engineer on the Jeffersonville Railroad arrived at Seymour, and reported that Morgan with his entire force was passing through Vienna at 6 o clock the evening before. Independent scouts, who left the vicinity of Salem at 6 o clock the evening before, reported Morgans whole force marching towards Vienna. This information, confirmed by two different and reliable sources, satisfied me, and I so reported to your excellency, and to General Wilcox. It was the more satisfactory to get such reliable information at this time, as all sorts of reports were in circulation ; amongst others, that Morgan had actually taken Orleans, and was marching on Mitchell. About 3 o clock P. M. on the llth I received an order from General Willcox to proceed with my command to Vernon. Taking all the transportation at Seymour, we started for Vernon at 3 o clock, with the Michigan Sharp-shooters, under Colonel De Land, and a battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Frank Hays, composed of a portion of the 63d Indiana, and detachments of exchanged men. I turned over the post of Seymour to Captain M. W. Shields, of Jackson, who had been active in arousing the neighborhood to arms, and who placed himself at the head of the mounted men, and rendered invaluable service.
We reached North Vernon at about 4 o clock P. M., where the wildest excitement prevailed. Rumors were current that Morgan had three times demanded the surrender of Vernon, and was then within one mile of the town. At North Vernon, I found Colonel Burkham, with part of his Regiment, from Dearborn county, and ordered him to Vernon by the line of the rail road. In ten minutes, our column was on the old road to Vernon, a distance of two miles. By rapid marching, much of the time in double-quick, although the day was intensely hot, we reached Vernon at about 5 o clock, our men in the best of spirits. When the head of the column reached Vernon, I received a message from Col. Williams, of Ohio county, then in command, to hasten in person to the front. Here I found Col. Williams with an Aid of Morgans, who was within our lines with a flag of truce, to demand, for the second time, the surrender of the town. I directed the Aid to say to Gen. Morgan that I had a sufficient force for my purpose, that the country was swarming with armed men, that it would be impossible for him to escape, and that if he would surrender to me, I would treat him as a prisoner of war. Having but 1,000 men, and assured that Morgans whole force was around the town, I sent to Morgan to ask two hours to remove the women and children before he commenced the attack. He replied, he would give but fifteen minutes. It was now nearly dark ; the women and children were hurried out of the town, and disposition made to defend to the last. Arriving so late in the day, and a stranger to the country, and unacquainted with the roads, to and from the town, it was impossible to make such arrangements as I would otherwise have done. From reports brought me, and the firing in the rear towards North Vernon, I supposed Morgan intended to march round the town, take North Vernon, and so cut us off. The firing turned out to be a skirmish between some of our men and a detachment of Morgan s men, sent to damage the O & M. R. R. track to the west of North Vernon. Morgans detachment reached the O & M. R. R., but did no damage beyond such as was repaired in two hours. Having only about forty mounted men, it was impossible to get information of the movements of the enemy, our mounted men being employed as videttes to the picket stations, to prevent surprise. At 1 o clock at night, the Recorder of Jennings County, Thos. Riley, Esq., who was taken prisoner in the morning, made his way into town, and gave me information that Morgan had marched towards Dupont. I sent all the mounted men I could raise about twenty under Capt. Boyd, to follow him. Our scouts followed to within two miles of Dupont, returning about 8 o clock in the morning, with twenty prisoners, their horses, arms, and equipments. The prisoners were sent to this city. The women and children were sent for in time to reach their homes at daylight. I am pleased to be able to report, that beyond the natural alarm occasioned by so unexpected and apparently great danger, no serious disaster occurred to the women and children, the night being warm and cloudy. On the morning of the 12th, I joined my forces with Maj. Gen. Wallace, who arrived at Vernon at 9 o clock. Rumors were conflicting all day of the 12th. He was supposed to be attempting to escape by Madison. On the 13th we heard he, was at Versailles, when, on the evening of that day, we proceeded by rail to Osgood. On the 14th, Gen. Wallace marched by land towards Sunman, on the I. & C. R. R., joining Gen. Hughes at Milan. Our entire force, under Gen. Wallace, reached Sunman at 6 o clock P. M. of the 14th, after a fatiguing march of eighteen miles.
Morgan now being far in the State of Ohio, our troops were brought to this city, and, on the 17th, discharged. It is due to Col. Williams and his gallant regiment from Ohio County, to say, that with only two hundred men of his regiment, and the armed citizens of Jennings County, he refused to surrender Vernon to Morgans force of forty-five hundred, with five pieces of artillery. On my arrival at Vernon, I found Col. Williams had made the best disposition of the three small field pieces under his command, and that he was determined to hold out till reinforced. The failure to take Vernon was the first check Morgan had met with since entering our State, and, it is believed, embarrassed him, by turning him back on his route ten miles from the course he had probably marked out. His plan was, no doubt, to take North Vernon, and thus damage the roads centering there. It is proper that I should mention that James H. Vawter, Esq., of Vernon, and Col. James H. Cravens, of Ripley, were most active and energetic, and rendered untiring service. No people could have behaved better than did the citizens of Vernon, and particularly would I speak of the women and children. When they found it was necessary for them to leave, temporarily, their homes, not an exciting sound or act escaped them, and all moved out calmly. It should be to us all a source of congratulation at the alacrity and earnestness with which our citizens, to a man, sprang to arms, and vied with each other who should be fore most and render the most service. What Morgans plans may have been, time has not yet developed, but if the most natural that of cutting our communications he signally failed in our State. So rapidly was he pursued, that he failed to break communication on any road for more than twenty-four hours, and many of them not more than six hours. We pursued him to the Ohio line, and I think turned him over to the care of Ohio in such an exhausted condition that I should not be surprised at the report of the rout and capture of his command being confirmed. My impromptu staff, consisting of Maj. C. T. Woolfolk, Surg. Thomas B. Harvey, Capts. J. L. Buell, H. A. N. Sain, C. Durham, and Charles Pool, were very efficient and rendered valuable assistance. My brigade, as finally organized under Gen. Wallace, consisted of the Boone County regiment, under Col. Gregory ; the Hendricks County regiment, under the immediate command of Col. Bennet, of the 69th regiment Indiana Volunteers, who, though on sick leave, and then suffering, volunteered his services ; the splendid battery of Yon Sehlen; and, as before stated, the Michigan Sharpshooters; and a battalion of the 63d regiment Indiana, and a detachment of exchanged men. It is with pleasure I bear testimony to the zeal and earnestness of every officer and soldier of the brigade, and the uncomplaining endurance of the hard ships of this brief but exciting expedition. To Gen. O. B. Willcox the State is under obligations for his hearty co-operation with the State authorities, and his energy and skill in the disposition of the forces.
I have the honor to be, Governor, Very Respectfully,
JOHN LOVE, Actg Brig. Gen,
REPORT OF COLONEL SAM. B. SERING, PLEASE USE YOUR BACK BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE TABLE OF CONTENTS since this is posted in all three counties I
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COMMANDING 9lH REGIMENT, (JEFFERSON COUNTY) INDIANA L.EGION
To Maj. Gen. J. L. Mansfield : SIR: In compliance with your order of 21st inst., I beg to submit the following Report of the acts of my regiment since 1st day of January 1863. At that time the organized Legion of this county consisted of four companies of Infantry, two companies of cavalry, and one company of artillery, all-armed and mostly uniformed. Previous to this date, four companies of Infantry were called upon to guard prisoners of war, at Indianapolis, where they were mustered into the service of the United States for a period of three months. On their return home, these companies were disbanded ; other companies were organized previous to this date, but failing to be provided with arms they were disbanded. In addition to the regular organized Legion of the county, the citizens of Madison organized eight companies of Infantry, (minute men) and tendered their services to repel invasion of the State.
During the winter and spring of 1863, there was no occasion to call upon the Legion and minute men to perform duty along this portion of the border until about 8th July, when information was communicated to us by Gov. Morton, that John Morgan, with a large force, had crossed the Ohio river at Brandenburg, and was marching into the interior of the State. I also received orders from Gov. Morton, directing that the Legion of this county be called immediately into active service, and to hold transports ready to convey them to New Albany. All the companies of my command reported promptly for duty, and transports were held in readiness to convey them to New Albany. On the 5th July orders were received from headquarters to hold my command at Madison that Morgan was moving in this direction, and calling upon us to use every effort to check his progress and to prevent him crossing the river at this point. The citizens and minute men responded promptly to the call of the Governor, and every preparation made to defend this point and prevent the enemy from crossing into Kentucky. On Friday the 6th July, Gov. Morton informed me by telegraph, that Morgan had crossed the Jeffersonville Railroad at Vienna, and was moving in the direction of Madison, through Lexington, Scott county, at the same time he informed us that reinforcements would be sent to this point as rapidly as possible. The same evening, the Legion from Johnson and Bartholomew counties arrived, numbering some 400 men. Early next morning we were further re-inforced by a regiment of the Legion from Switzerland county, numbering 500 men, also, one section of artillery from the same county thus furnishing us a force of about 2,000 men, Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery. A company of Cavalry had been dispatched on Friday evening, in the direction of Vienna with instructions to proceed until they met Morgans force and to ascertain the direction of his march. Early Saturday morning a messenger from our cavalry, informed us that Morgan s force rested at Lexington, Scott county, some 18 miles west from this place. The troops were immediately called into line, and after making the necessary details for duty along the river and in the city, We at once proceeded on the road leading to Lexington and South Hanover. After proceeding some 5 miles on this road we took a strong position on the hills covering the turnpike road to Lexing ton, and also the road to South Hanover, with about 1800 Infantry and 4 pieces Artillery. This position was greatly strengthened by obstructions thrown across the roads, and by falling trees in the immediate vicinity, which afforded a good shelter in case of an action. These precautionary and valuable preparations were made by the citizens under the imme diate direction of Hon. D. C. Branham. Getting our small force into the best possible position we waited for the appearance of the enemy, who we presumed would attempt to pass through our lines on the turnpike road leading to the river. Until late in the afternoon, we were much annoyed by uncertain and contradictory reports from our scouts in front. Morgan s forces were reported on every road leading in this direction, and until late in the afternoon we were not advised that his main column was moving to the north of us, and thus threatening to enter the city from the north side. Ascertaining that his whole force had gone in this direction, at 12 o clock Saturday night, we got our force into column and marched in the direction of North Madison, distant 6 miles. The night being exceedingly dark, we did not reach that point until daylight Sunday morning. Soon after arriving at this point, our scouts came in and reported Mogans forces again on the roads leading to North Madison. Our troops were immediately thrown into line of battle, and every preparation made to give them a warm reception. Later in the day it was ascertained that the enemy was moving in the direction of Versailles, Ripley county, but fearing that he might suddenly change his direction, our troops were kept in line, resting on their arms, until Monday morning, when learning that the enemy was moving east, we went into camp at North Madison where we remained until the 16th July, when the troops were dismissed from service by order of Gov. Morton.
From this period until the close of 1863, the Legion of this county were not again called into active service, but occasional demonstrations by small parties of guerrillas in Kentucky, opposite this point, required an occasional guard along the river, and almost constant watchfulness on the part of the officers of the Legion. During the fall of 1863 one company of cavalry was organized in this county and was added to my command, thus giving us on the 1st of January, 1864, a force of 3 companies of cavalry, 4 companies of infantry, and 1 company of artillery of Legion. From this period until the 9th of June, 1864, the Legion of this county were not called into active service. On that day I received an order from Gov. Morton, to immediately assemble my command and hold them subject to further orders. The companies of my command promptly responded to the call, and on the 12th day of June, I was directed to secure transportation by the river and be in readiness to embark my command for Jeffersonville. Boats were secured and we remained here under these orders until June 15th, 1864, when by order of the Governor, the command was dismissed and sent to their homes.
During this service it was found necessary to guard closely the border along the front of our county, in consequence of the presence of a Confederate force in Trimble and Henry counties, Kentucky, under the command of "Col." Jesse. Upon this, as well as upon all other occasions, the Legion of this county were prompt to respond to the call of the Governor, although at a season of the year when the crops of the country required the constant attention of the farmers, and their absence from home at this time was a matter of serious loss to them. Since that time until the present writing we have been in a constant state of suspense in consequence of the presence of parties of guerrillas in the counties opposite this place, and their frequent approaches to the river. Neither the citizens of Madison, nor the city authorities have evinced that interest which the circumstances around them would demand, but seem almost lost to any sense of danger, and our city is suffered to remain exposed and liable to attacks of the enemy, and would be easily captured whenever they are disposed to make the effort. Recently a small band of guerrillas have visited Carrolton, twelve jniles above, Garrits Landing, fifteen miles below, Spring Creek, eight miles below, and even Milton, just opposite this city, and from all these points have fired upon passing boats. The steamer Boston, Capt. David, plying between this place and Cincinnati, has been fired upon by this band several times during the past week. At the solicitation of Capt. David, I provided him with thirty-seven muskets and ammunition, and on his upward trip he was again fired upon ; he returned the fire and drove the guerrillas in confusion. On Friday last, learning that this boat would probably be attacked by a larger force, at the request of Capt. David, I sent on board one of our cannon, with cannister, shells, etc., under the command of Lieut. Crawford, of Western Artillery Company, with instructions to fire upon the guerrillas wherever seen. The boat has returned without meeting with the guerrillas; she will, however, retain the gun a few days longer. The organized Legion of this county consists, at this time, of four companies of infantry, three companies of cavalry, and one company of artillery. All of these companies are small, and in consequence of the recent draft, and the enlistment of the men in the regular service, it requires constant exertion on the part of the officers to keep up an organization. These companies have all uniformed themselves (and some of them more than once), have drilled regularly, with few exceptions, and have done much duty, for which they have received a very small compensation.
Before closing this report, allow me to express the hope that the convening Legislature will adopt some means for the better defense. of the border counties and the State, and a more complete and efficient organization of the militia of the State. Under the present inefficient law, the organization of the Legion is small, and, I am informed, mostly confined to the border counties, where their services are frequently required, and they are called upon to perform military duty, and to guard the State against inva sion, while the citizens of the interior of the State are seldom called upon to do military duty. It would, perhaps, be difficult to provide a law that would fully remedy this objection, but means might be provided to better compensate those doing service on the border than the present law provides. I make the above remarks, knowing that I express the views of the officers and men of my command, as often expressed by them, but would not be understood as offering complaints for the past only desiring a better condition of affairs in the future.
I have the honor to be, Very respectfully, Your obedient servant,
SAM. B. SEEING, Col Comdg 9th Ind. Legion.
NAMES OF REGIMENTS OF INDIANA LEGION BY COUNTY
Switzerland County Graham Home Guards
Hoosier Cavalry Guards Madison Zouaves
Craig Township Guards Western Artillery Company
Fairville Guards Washington Greys
Harrison Guards Shelby Greys
Indian Creek Rifle Company Middle Fork Union Guards
Bennington Guards Saluda Guards
Pleasant Guards Shelby Light Horse Guards
Mt. Zion Guards
Union Guards Bee Camp Union Guards
Enterprise Guards Saluda Rangers
Posey Township Guards Hanover Videttes
Vevay Union Guards Graham Rangers
Florence Cavalry Guards Cana Cadets
Craig Township Rangers Morton Guards
York Township Guards Wolf Creek Scouts
Artillery State Guards
PLEASE USE YOUR BACK BUTTON TO RETURN TO THE TABLE OF CONTENTS since this is posted in all three counties I
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