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Grand Army of the Republic(G.A.R)
Some Jennings County Posts


Shortly before my move to southern Indiana in June of 2010, I spent some time at the Indiana State Archives in Indianapolis. I got photo copies of some of the G.A.R. Records in their files and the information I am posting here is from those records. Prior to the Jennings County G.A.R. information is a History of G.A.R. for those of you who might not be familiar with it. Sheila Kell   ? means I had trouble reading the handwriting on these old papers. My comments will be in this color purple.


History of the G.A.R

In early 1866 the United States was awakening to the reality of recovery from war. In previous conflicts the care of the veteran warrior was the province of the family or the community. Soldiers then were friends, relatives and neighbors who went off to fight--until the next planting or harvest. It was a community adventure and their fighting unit had a community flavor.

By the end of the Civil War, units had become less homogeneous; men from different communities and even different states were forced together by the exigencies of battle where new friendships and lasting trust was forged. With the advances in the care and movement of the wounded, many who would have surely died in earlier wars returned home to be cared for by a community structure weary from a protracted war and now also faced with the needs of widows and orphans. Veterans needed jobs, including a whole new group of veterans--the colored soldier and his entire, newly freed, family. It was often more than the fragile fabric of communities could bear.

State and federal leaders from President Lincoln down had promised to care for "those who have borne the burden, his widows and orphans," but they had little knowledge of how to accomplish the task. There was also little political pressure to see that the promises were kept.

But probably the most profound emotion was emptiness. Men, who had lived together, fought together, foraged together and survived, had developed a unique bond that could not be broken. As time went by the memories of the filthy and vile environment of camp life began to be remembered less harshly and eventually fondly. The horror and gore of battle lifted with the smoke and smell of burnt black powder and was replaced with the personal rain of tears for the departed comrades. Friendships forged in battle survived the separation and the warriors missed the warmth of trusting companionship that had asked only total and absolute commitment.

With that as background, groups of men began joining together--first for camaraderie and then for political power. Emerging most powerful among the various organizations would be the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), which by 1890 would number almost 500,000 veterans of the "War of the Rebellion."

Founded in Decatur, Illinois on April 6, 1866 by Benjamin F. Stephenson, membership was limited to honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps or the Revenue Cutter Service who had served between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865. The community level organization was called a "Post" and each was numbered consecutively within each Department, usually representing a state or region. Most Posts also had a name and the rules for naming Posts included the requirement that the honored person be deceased and that no two Posts within the same Department could have the same name. The Departments generally consisted of the Posts within a state and, at the national level; the organization was operated by the elected "Commander-in-Chief."

Post Commanders were elected as were the Junior and Senior Vice Commanders and the members of Council. Each member was voted into membership using the Masonic system of casting black or white balls (except that more than one black ball was required to reject a candidate for membership). When a candidate was rejected, that rejection was reported to the Department which listed the rejection in general orders and those rejections were maintained in a "Black Book" at each Post meeting place. The meeting rituals and induction of members were similar to the Masonic rituals and have been handed down to the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War.

The official body of the Department was the annual Encampment, which was presided over by the elected Department Commander, Senior and Junior Vice Commanders and the Council. Encampments were elaborate multi-day events which often included camping out, formal dinners and memorial events. In later years the Department Encampments were often held in conjunction with the Encampments of the Allied Orders, including Camps of the Sons of Veterans Reserve, which at the time were quasi-military in nature, often listed as a unit of the state militia or National Guard.

National Encampments of the Grand Army of the Republic were presided over by a Commander-in-Chief who was elected in political events which rivaled national political party conventions. The Senior and Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief as well as the National Council of Administration were also elected.

The GAR founded soldiers' homes, was active in relief work and in pension legislation. Five members were elected President of the United States and, for a time, it was impossible to be nominated on the Republican ticket without the endorsement of the GAR voting bloc.

In 1868, Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan issued General Order No. 11 calling for all Departments and Posts to set aside the 30th of May as a day for remembering the sacrifices of fallen comrades, thereby beginning the celebration of Memorial Day.

With membership limited strictly to "veterans of the late unpleasantness," the GAR encouraged the formation of Allied Orders to aid them in its various works. Numerous male organizations jousted for the backing of the GAR and the political battles became quite severe until the GAR finally endorsed the Sons of Veterans of the United States of America (later to become the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War) as its heir. A similar, but less protracted, battle took place between the Women’s' Relief Corps (WRC) and the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic (LGAR) for the title "official auxiliary to the GAR." That battle was won by the WRC, which is the only Allied Order open to women who do not have a hereditary ancestor who would have been eligible for the GAR. But in this case the LGAR retained its strength and was made one of the Allied Orders.

Coming along a bit later, the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, similar to the SUVCW but for women, also earned the designation as an Allied Order of the GAR. Rounding out the list of Allied Orders is the Auxiliary to the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, which is open to women with hereditary ties to a veteran or who is the spouse, sister or daughter of a member of the SUVCW.

The final Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1949 and the last member, Albert Woolson died in 1956 at the age of 109 years.

The Organization of GAR Posts in Indiana

The local organization of the Grand Army of the Republic were called "Posts" and it was to the posts that each man applied for membership to the GAR. Each post was numbered consecutively within each department. Most posts also had a name and the rules for naming posts included the requirement that the honored person be deceased (usually a distinguished local or national Civil War soldier) and that no two posts within the same department could have the same name. The departments generally consisted of the posts within a state and, at the national level, the organization was operated by the elected "Commander-in-Chief." Applications for post charters had to be signed by at least ten qualified veterans, and were signed by the Department Commander and the Assistant Adjutant General.

Upon organization, each local GAR post elected and installed the following officers: Post Commander (P.C.), Senior Vice-Commander (S.V.C.), Junior Vice-Commander (J.V.C.), Officer of the Day (O.D.), Officer of the Guard (O.G.), Chaplain, Surgeon, Quartermaster (Q.M.), and Adjutant. Each member of the post was voted into membership using the Masonic system of casting black or white balls (except that more than one black ball was required to reject a candidate for membership). When a candidate was rejected, that rejection was reported to the Department which listed the rejection in general orders and those rejections were maintained in a "Black Book" at each post meeting place

The Grand Army of the Republic rules and regulations stated that each post was to keep the following records: Post By-Laws, Descriptive Books, Journal of Proceedings, Order Book (recording orders and circulars issued by the post commander), Letter Book, Endorsement and Memorandum Book, and a Black Book recording rejected and dishonorably discharged members.

Upon its dissolution, each post was to turn over its property, including books of record and post papers, to the Assistant Quartermaster General of the Department of Indiana. Such records were then subject to the disposition of the Department Encampment. No specific records have survived of the actual transfer of the records to the Indiana State Archives. However, the catalog cards produced shortly after the records were transferred list the Adjutant General's Office as the parent agency from which the records were transferred. Some of these Indiana GAR post records survive today in the Indiana State Archives, but it is assumed that the majority of these post records have been lost.

Indiana GAR posts were numbered from 1 to 593, but evidence indicates that when some GAR posts went out of existence, their numbers were used again when a new post was formed. As a result, some GAR post numbers were used for more than one post. The total number of GAR post that existed in Indiana were 636.



APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

D. C. Mitchell  Post #166, San Jacinto (P.O. Dupont), Jennings County, Indiana    Charter granted April 23, 1883

Officers Elected and Installed

Christopher Hoffman   P.C.
Ed. P. Mitchell  S.V.C.
John E.Reed  J.V.C.
Noah Wilson  O.D.
James Rochat  O.G.
Nelson Johnson  Chaplain
(line drawn through name)
James Johnson  Surgeon
George Wasson   Q.M.
L. A. Hand  Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at San Jacinto, Jennings County,Indiana

Christopher Hoffman      Co. I?  35 Ind. Inftry.
George W.Reed       Co. B   22 Ind. Inftry.
James Rochat       Co. A  8th Ind. Cavalry
John E. Reed       Co. A   8th Ind. Cavalry
Noah Wilson       Co. B   79th Ind. Inftry.
Mathew H. Patton      Co. G   40th Ind. Inftry.
E. P. Mitchell      Co. C   8th Ind. Cavalry
George Wasson      Co. E   11th Ohio Inftry.
Thomas E. Hall      Co. ?   62nd Ind. Vol. Inftry.
L. A. Hand       Co. ?   145th Ind. Vol. Inftry.
James E. Lawrence     Co. G   3rd Ohio Vol. Inftry.
James Johnson      Co. __   13th Ind. Battery
Alexander Rochat      Co. H   6th Ind. Vol. Inftry.
August Dannecker      Co. B    4th Ohio Vol. Cavalry
Samuel A. Tatem      Co. C   37th Ind. Vol. Inftry.
Nelson Johnson       Co. K   83rd Ind. Vol.Inftry

Madison     April 29, 1883
Ben D. Hause Esq.

A.A.G.  G.A.R
    Commoder?
           On April 2 I mustered the above named comrades at Residence of C. Hoffman near San Jacinto, with exception of No. 16. Nelson Johnson who was not able to be present. Also installed Officers as appears by Endorsed list. The place of meeting for the present, will be at place of muster. Stated meetings and some Post details, not yet completed but to be finished by then adjoined meeting Tuesday next. The Post Office address of this Post will be Dupont, Jeff. Co. Ind. The membership appear to be an Ernest, intelligent straight forward class of men.
I am confident will soon obtain for them a membership of not less than Thirty, and that they will be able to keep at that figure. I was most favorably impressed with the character of these comrades, as mustered and am satisfied will immediately apply to the Post for membership. I think there can be a good Post worked up at Dupont, and started some ground work upon that effort last night. Your last Postal was directed me at Indianapolis but my son forwarded it to me.
Every Post will be attended to so soon as they notify me of a day.

Yours Fraternally,
Paul Hendricks
                                                                                                                           J.V.C. Dept. Ind.
Address
    D. C. Mitchell  Post 166
    P. O. Box 18
    Dupont
Jeff. Co. Indiana



APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Baldwin Post #340   Vernon, Jennings County, Indiana   Charter Granted April 29, 1884   

Officers Elected and Installed
A. G. Cotton    P.C.
Wm. Cunliffe     S.V.C.
F. M. James     J.V.C.
Tho A. Pearce      O.D.
Wm. Boggs      O.G.
W. S. Almond      Chaplain
J. W. Wagner     Surgeon
Samuel L. Bolser      Q.M.
Chas. E. Hall     Adj't
 

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Vernon, Jennings County, Indiana

A. G. Cotton                    Co. H   6th Reg. Ind. Vol.
Samuel McIlroy               Co. K  12th Ind. Co. A 126 Pa & Co. D 132 Ind.
A. J. Bill                           Co. G   2nd Regt  Ky Vol Inf
Thomas A. Pearse           1st Regt of Co. C 22 Ind Vol
Simmeon Hartwell            Co. A  22 Ind VVI
S. L. Bolser                      Co. H  26 Ind Vol Inf
H. J. Wagner                    Co. A  12 Reg Ind Vol
Gasper Henninger            Co. C  13 Ind Vol
R. W. Weatherington       Co. A  12 Reg Ind Inf
Irby S. Wagner                Co. A  12 Ind Inf Vol
Jasper N. Jordon             Co. H  26 Ind Inf Vol
Henry D. May                  Co. A  12 Ind Inf Vol
Timothy Cronon              U.S.S Memphis, U.S.N.
Thomas C. Batchelor       Co. I  79 Ind. Vol. Infty
Zachariah Hartwell          Co. __  120 Ind Infty Vol
G. P. Skinner                   Co. C  13 Cav Vols
Geo. W. Wells                  Co. A  4 Ky Infty Vols
James H. Meek                Co. C  37 Ind
John H. Cox                    Co. B  137 Ind. Vol.
Chas. E. Hall                   Co. G  145th Ind Vols
M. Short                          Co. E  52 Ind Vol
James L. Grinstead          Co. F  52 Ind Vol
Michael Fetter                  Co. K  12 Ind
F. M. James                      Co. H  27 Ind  Co.___  145 Ind
William Boggs                  Co. K  50 Ind Vol
William T. Wilson             Co. F  37 Ind Vol
P. H. Walker                     Co. B  137 Ind Vol 
Alonzo P. Jones                Co. F  8 Ind Cav
William Cunliffe               Co. H  27 Ind Vol
Willis Thickston                Co. E  82 Ind Vol
W. S. Almond                   Co. G  137 Ind Vol
John Muster                     Co. H  27 Ind
Henry T. Arnold               Co. B  76 Ind Vol
R. A. Harper                     Co. A  8th Pennsylvania  
William Vincent                Co. A  7th Ind
Harvey Hartwell                Co. A  22 Ind



Nebraska, Ind. Sept. at, 1884
     
     General J. R. ?
 
     Dear Sir & Comrade

           We want to organize a post at Nebraska Jennings County Ind  please send me the necessary papers for the organization.
           Hoping to hear from you soon.

                                 I am Respectfully

                                 James Tool
                                          Nebraska Ind
_________________________________________


APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Paul Grinstead   Post No. 542    Nebraska, County of Jennings, Indiana    Dec. 29, 1888

Samuel Chaille of Huckelberry Post #391, Butlerville, Ind. submitted this Application for Charter 

Officers Elected and Installed

M. C. Gilbert                P.C.
Thomas F. Jackson       S.V.C.
Thomas Starkey            J.V.C.
Johnson Shepherd        O.D.
John S. Davidson         O.G.
Nehimiah Davis            Chaplain
______________           Surgeon
William A. Dougherty  Q.M.
William Colins             Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Nebraska, Jennings County, Indiana

Nehimiah Davis     age 65    Birthplace- Indiana   Residence-Nebraska, Ind.   Occupation-Laborer   Entry into service 1861, Rank P,  Co. _____  Reg't 2nd Ind. Bat.   Final Discharge- 1865  Rank P   Co. ____   Reg't  2nd Bat.  Length of Service  3 yrs.

M. C. Gilbert    age 60    Birthplace-Ohio  Residence-Jennings Co. Ind.   Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1862, Rank P, Co. I, Reg't  93 Ind.
Final Discharge- 1865, Rank Sergt, Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind   Length of Service 2 y 11 m

Wm R. Dougherty  age 42  Birthplace-Indiana  Residence-Nebraska, Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1864, Rank P, Co. I, Reg't 136 Ind. Final Discharge- 1865, Rank P, Co. E, Reg't 156 Ind  Length of Service 8 months

Thm's Starkey   age 64  Birthplace-Virginia   Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Laborer  Entry into service 1861, Rank P,  Co. A. Reg't 37th Ind.  Final Discharge- 1865,  Rank Segt.  Co. A.   Reg't 37 Ind  Length of Service 3 yrs 8 months

John S. Davidson   age 52   Birthplace-Pennsylvania   Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1862, Rank P, Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.  Final Discharge- 1865,  Rank Segt.  Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.  Length of Service 3 yrs 3 months

Wm. Collins   age 43   Birthplace-Indiana   Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1862, Rank P, Co. I, Co. Reg't 93 Ind.  Final Discharge- 1865,  Rank P,  Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.  Length of Service 3 yrs 3 

J. H. Grinstead   age 51   Birthplace-Indiana   Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Merchant   Entry into service 1862, Rank Corp. Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.
Final Discharge- 1865,  Rank Corp. Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.  Length of Service 3 yrs 3

Edward Runyon   age 43   Birthplace-Ohio   Residence-Nebraska Ind.   Occupation-Carpenter   Entry into service 1865, Rank P, Co. I, Reg't 134 Ind.
Final Discharge- 1865, Rank P, Co. K, Reg't 148 Ind.  Length of Service 11 mths

Thos F. Jackson   age 54   Birthplace-Indiana  Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1865, Rank P, Co. K, Reg't 82 Ind. Final Discharge- 1865, Rank P, Co. K, Reg't 82 Ind.   Length of Service 2 yrs 10 m

Amara Edwards   age 48   Birthplace-Indiana  Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1865, Rank P, Co I, Reg't 93 Ind.
Final Discharge- 1865, Rank Corp, Co. I, Reg't 93 Ind.   Length of Service 3 yrs 3 m

Johnson Shepherd   age 42   Birthplace-Indiana   Residence-Nebraska Ind.  Occupation-Farmer   Entry into service 1864, Rank P, Co. K, Reg't 120th Ind.  Final Discharge- 1866, Rank P, Co. K, 120th Ind.   Length of Service 1 yr 11 mo
__________________________________________________

Letter below mailed on letterhead from M'Keehan Post, No. 36, G.A.R
North Vernon, Indiana

Listed on the letterhead are
Past Commanders
P.C. McGannon,..... D. B. Reeder
Commander,...... J. C. Cope
S.V. Commander,...... E. Langneck
J.V. Commander,......D. L. Glenn
Adjt.........J. D. Hudson
Q.M........H. Knoll
Surgeon........Ed. Gallagher
Chaplain......M. Robinson
O.D.......B. F. Hargrove
O.G......J. H. Powlesson
Serg. Maj......Lucien Gray
Q.M. Serg......John Zurrin


Oct. 14, 1884

Co. Ben A. House  A.A.G.

My Dear Sir

      The old soldiers at Butlerville desire to organize a Post at once.  Please send the necessary preliminary
blanks and information to the address below & obligi?.

   Fraternally

               J. C. Cope

W. H. Hutton
Buttlerville,
      Jennings Co.
           Indiana


APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Huckleberry Post No. 391, Butlerville, Jennings County, Indiana    Charter Granted  Oct. 29, 1884, Organized Nov. 22nd, 1884 by Jno. C. Hibbits.  Charter surrendered June 1, 1918

Officers Elected and Installed

Wm. H. Hutton                    P.C.
Wm. A. Vawter                    S.V.C.
Jacob S. Kuntz                    J.V.C.
Walter W. Denton               O.D.
Gideon M. Trickey              O.G.
Saml. M. Chaille                 Chaplain
Wm. G. Courtney                Surgeon
Wm. L. Taylor                     Q.M.
Wm. P. McCanlon               Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Butlerville, Jennings County, Indiana.

Michael Brindhammer    Co. I,  93 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Job Runyon                    Co. I,  60 Regt. Ohio, Inf.
Wm. H. Hutton              Co. I,  6 Regt. Ind. Inf.
D. L. Hough                   Co. I,  37 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Walter W. Denton          Co. K,  54 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Wm. A. Vawter              Co. E,  82 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Wm. G. Courtnay          Co. K,  6 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Gideon M. Trickey        Co. G,  6 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Wm. S. Taylor               Co. I,  27 Missouri, Inf.
Saml. M. Chaille           Co. K,  82 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Jacob L. Galimore        Co. G,  146 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Wm P. McCanlon         Co. A,  120 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Wm. McNew                 Co. H, 146 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Joseph Alexander          Co H,  26 Regt. Ind. Inf.
George Edwards           Co. I,  93 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Joseph Waldron           Gunboat, A. C. Tyler     
John W. Forsyth           Co. I or J, 93 Ind. Inf.
Jacob S. Kuntz             Co. B,  12 Ohio, Cav.    
William W. Miles          Co G,  146 Regt. Ind. Inf.
Jessie B. Groves            Co. I,  6 Regt. Inf. Inf.
There is a name listed here with a line drawn through it (Zacharias Price in the war of 1812) a note at the bottom of the roster states *Service in the War of 1812 does not make him eligable to membership in the Grand Army.
John C. McCammon    Co. A,  12 Ind. Inf.
B. H. Ebbuns?              Co. A,  22 Ind. Inf.
James M. Hand            Co. M,  7 Ind. Cav.
_________________________________________________

 APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Kendrick  Post #441, Scipio, Jennings County, Indiana, Charter Organized Feb. 13th, 1886 by F. W. Verbarg M. D.

Officers Elected and Installed

Isiah L. Green   P.C.
David Petree     S.V.C.
Alexander H. Milk   J.V.C.
Patrick Ferry    O.D.
William Brown   O.G.
James W. Mills    Chaplain
James F. Shepherd    Surgeon
John F. McConnell    Q.M.
Eliab M. Thompson    Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Scipio, Jennings County, Indiana.        
         
William Brown     93rd Regt.  Co. C,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Daniel Petree        93rd Regt.  Co. C,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Valentine Hartman    93rd Regt.  Co. E,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Isiah L. Green      37th Regt.  Co. C,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Randolph Foist    13th Regt.  Co. H,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
David Bannister   52nd Regt.  Co. G, Ind. Vol. Inf.
William Wallace    6th Regt.  Co. D,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Charles Kean       12th Regt.  Co. G,  Ky. Vol. Inf.
Patrick Ferry        78th Regt.  Co. B,  Pa. Vol. Inf. 
John Hughes        152nd Regt.  Co. H,  Ill. Vol. Inf.
William Howard   145th Regt.  Co. H,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Eliab M. Thompson    12th Regt.  Band
John F. McConnell    82nd Regt.  Co. E,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
William Schuyler   48th Regt.  Co. B,  Ohio Vol. Inf.
Alexander H. Mills    13th Regt.  Co. D,  West Virginia, Inf.  
Andrew H. Carr    58th Regt.  Co. G,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Alfred Bolton    12th Regt.  Co. D,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
James W. Mills    9th Regt.  Co A,  West Virginia, Inf.
David Yoder    12th Regt.  Co A,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Robert Mowery    140th Regt.  Co. D,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
James F. Shepherd    9th Regt.  Co C,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
George Day    22nd Regt.  Co. A,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
Dave McConnell    33rd Regt.  Co. D,  Ind. Vol Inf.
John W. T. Poor    2nd Regt.  Co C,  West Virginia, Inf.
William Day     7th Regt.  Co. M,  Ind. Vol. Inf.
_______________________________________________________

Letter below mailed on Letterhead of M'Keehan Post No. 36   G.A.R, 
Alex Shepherd, Commander
John S. Wells, Adjutant
John N. Zurrin,  Q.M.

                                      North Vernon, Ind..   Nov. 15, 1886

Ajt. Gen. Ben D. House

Dear Sir and Commrade

    In compliance with your order I mustered in the Post at Hardensburgh, Six Mile Post Office on the eve. 13th Ins.  The name of the Post was selected in honor of George A. Hoppell.  Please find inclosed roll at muster (those marked x were mustered) and file of instalations of officers Elected.
   Thirteen of Post No. 36 arrived at the place of Muster and proceeded to Muster the Post after which I installed the officers elected.
   We had a grand time and much intrest manufactured, Ive used a sciopticon, (a sciopticon was a type of lantern used to project pictures) with much effect, and produced a decided impression - This Post is composed of the best element in the neighborhood and will mateially aid in advancing the Cause of the G.A.R.
                      Yours in F. C. and L.   W. S. Prather


APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Geo. A. Hopple,  Post # 479, Six Mile, Jennings County, Indiana,  Organized Nov. 13, 1886 by W. S. Prather

Officers Elected and Installed

Socrates Carver     P.C.
John H. Wohrer    S.V.C.
Allen Hartwell       J.V.C.
Mitchell Day         O.D.
Joseph T. George  O.G.
J. T. Green            Chaplain
Frank Doughty      Surgeon
L. D. Derringer      Q.M.
John Van Riper     Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Hardenburg, Jennings County, Indiana

John Van Riper   x   Co. E,  9th Reg. Kans. Vol.
John M. Larabee    Co. B,  82nd Ind. Vol.
Francis Doughty x    Co. H,  26th  Ind. Vol.
W. S. Brown           Co. B,  82nd  Ind. Vol.
Allen Hartwell   x   Co. A, 22nd Ind
Joseph F. George  x   Co. B, 82nd Ind
Mitchell H. Day  x   Co. C,  37th Ind
Lewis Justis    Co. C,  37th Ind.
Jno H. Wohrer  x   Co. B, 82nd Ind. Vol.
L. D. Darringer  x   Co. B,  6th Ind. Vol.
Samuel Kitts  x   Co. B,  6th Ind. Vol.
S. G. Baker  x   Co. I,  3rd Iowa Cav.
?ly W. Smith  x   Co. B, 82nd Ind. Vol. Inft.    
John S. Justis  x   Co. B, 82nd Ind. Vol. Inft.
Socrates Carver  x   Co. C,  37th Regt. Ind. Vol.
Silas B. Sutton  x   Co. K,  12th regt. Ind. Vol.
Silas W. Harding   Co. H, 26th Ind. Vol. Inft.
John M Woodson   Co. B,  82nd Ind. Vols.
John T. Green   x   Co. K,  14th Ills. Vol. Inft.
Bolsar Kirsch    Co. B,  82nd Reg. Ind. Vol.
J. L. Ewan  x   Co I,  134th Reg. Ind. Vol.
__________________________________________________

Queensville Ind.  July 12, 1891

          Comrad Robbins this We Return our Charter to you for Correcting the name of Comrad Pleasant Wheldon was left out which we want on we send his description list here with also the name Robert Sharp Should be Robert Tharp.
          Please give this your imediate attention and Return to us.

                                           Yours in F.C. & L.

                                           Wm. L. Morgan Com.
                                           John Buchanan  Adjutant
Changed Charter and returned by mail (not registered) Aug. 21


APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Hagerman Tripp   Post No. 522,  Queensville, Jennings County, Indiana    Charter Granted June 19, 1891  First Muster July 7th, 1891 by George W. Schaffer

Remarks of Mustering Officer - Went to Queensville on July 2nd and mustered Hagerman Tripp Post G.A.R. mustering in 16 Charter Members. I was assisted in the work by Comrads  Prather, Shepherd, Longneck, McMahon and others of McKeehan Post. All the members mustered was elegible by cand or otherwise the members holding cards was 5 in no 11 new recruits after muster Election of officers and Instalation and instructions in Ritual Wk a good supper was enjoyed by all - We left the new Post in good hands and with some reason to believe they will prosper. The nicest harmony prevailed thoughout and your humble sevant Done the best he could and hopes that from the expression of satisfaction indulged in by the new members that they was well pleased

Very Respectufully Submitted
George W. Shaffer M.O. 


Officers Elected and Installed

Wm L Morgan      P.C.
Wm Scuyler          S.V.C.
Thos French         J.V.C.
Jas F Shepherd     O.D.
Wm Phillips          O.G.
Nels C Aldrich      Chaplain
H Dean                 Surgeon
Absalom Robbins   Q.M.
John Buchanan      Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Queensville, Jennings County, Indiana
 
William L Morgan  age 52  Birthplace-Indiana, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Dec 10, 61, Rank-Private, Co B, Reg't 52 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-Sept 10, 1865, Rank-Private, Co G, 52 Ind. Vol., Length of Service 3yrs 10 mths  Reason for Discharge-Service no longer required

George W Byram  age 50 or 53?  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Dec 10, 1861, Rank-Private, Co I, Reg't 52 Inv. Vol., Final Discharge-Sept 10, 1865, Rank-Private, Co K, 52 Ind. Vol., Length of Service 3 yrs 10 mths  Reason for Discharge-Service no longer required

John T Byram  age 45  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Jan 4, 1864, Rank-Private, Co I, Reg't 52 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-Sept 10, 1865, Rank-Private, Co K, Reg't 52 Ind. Vol., Length of Service 1 yr ? mths   Reason for Discharge-Service not required

William Phillips  age 66  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Aug 1861, Rank-Private, Co C, Reg't 34 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-July 1865, Rank-Private, Co C, Reg't 34 Ind. Vol., Length of Service 3 yrs 11 mths  Reason for Discharge-Service no longer required.

James F. Shepherd  age 48  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville,  Occupation-Physician, Entry into Service-1862, Rank-Private, Co C, Reg't 9th Ind, Final Discharge-August 26, Rank-Private, Co C, Reg't 9th Ind., Length of Service 3 mths   Reason for Discharge-Service not required

Andrew J. Robbins  age 51  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville,  Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Sept 2, 1862, Rank-Private, Co A, Reg't 22 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-June 9, 1865, Rank-Private, Co A, Reg't 22 Ind. Vol., Length of Service 3 yrs  Reason for Discharge-Service not required

John Buchanan  age 48  Birthplace-North Carolina, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1862, Rank-Cope, Co A, Reg't 9 Ind.,  Final Discharge-_____, Rank Cope, Co A, Reg't 9 Ind., Length of Service 3 mths, Reason for Discharge-Service not required

Nelson C. Aldrich  age 50  Birthplace-Ohio, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1863, Rank-Private, Co I, Reg't 2 Ohio,
Final Discharge-Aug. 23, 1865, Rank Private, Co I, Reg't 2nd Ohio, Length of Service 3 yrs, Reason for Discharge-expiration of time

Thomas French  age 59,  Birthplace-Ind, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Aug. 1862, Rank-Private, Co E, 9 Ind. Inf., Final Discharge-______, Rank Private, Co. E, 9 Ind. Inf., Length of Service 3 mths, Reason for Discharge-Service no longer required

William Schuyler  age 48, Birthplace-Ohio, Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1861, Rank-Private, Co B, Reg't 48 Ohio, Final Discharge-1862, Rank-Private, Co B, Reg't 48 Ohio, Length of Service 11 mths, Reason for Discharge-Disibility

Hickman Dean  age 49, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1864, Rank-Private, Co A, Reg't 146 Ind., Final Discharge-?, Rank-Private, Co A, Reg't 146 Ind., Length of Service ___, Reason for Discharge-Expiration of Term

Line through this name on list - Mahlon B. Hayes  age 65, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-August 1862, Rank-Private, Co I, Reg't 83rd Ind., Final Discharge ?,  Rank-Private, Co I, Reg't 83rd Ind., Length of Service 3 yrs 9 mths, Reason for Discharge-Services no longer needed

Absalom Robbins  age 59, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-Aug. 61, Rank Private, Co H, 37 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-1861, Rank Private, Co H, 37 Ind. Vol., Length of Service-Jan 29, 1865, Reason for Discharge-Disibility

Line through this name on list - Jerome Kelley  age 52, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1861, Rank Private, Co. B, Reg't 6 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge-1865, Rank Private, Co B Reg't 6 Ind., Length of Service-3 yrs, Reason for Discharge-Expiration of Term

Ephraim Mendenhall  age 59, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1862, Rank-Private, Co K, Reg't 13 Ind. Inf., Final Discharge-1865, Rank-Private, Co K, Reg't 13 Ind. Inf. Length of Service-3 yrs, Reason for Discharge-Expiration of Term

Robt Tharp  age 61, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Scipio, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1862, Rank Sarg, Co E, Reg't 9 Ind. Inf., Final Discharge-1862, Rank-Sarg, Reg't 9 Ind. Inf. Length of Service-3 mths, Reason for Discharge-Disabilities

John S. Sullivan  age 45, Birthplace-Ind., Residence-Queensville, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1862, Rank-Pri, Co I, Reg't 6th Ind., Final Discharge-1865, Rank-Pri., Co I, Reg't 6th Ind., Length of Service-3 yrs, Reason for Discharge-Exp. Service

Chas Hammon  age 50,  Birthplace- Ind., Residence-Scipio, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-1865, Rank-Pvt, Co A, Reg't 146 Ind., Final Discharge-1865, Rank-Pri, Co A, Reg't 146 Ind., Length of Service-3 mths, Reason for Discharge-Exp. Service

Pleasant Weldon  age 57, Birthplace_____, Residence-Scipio, Occupation-Farmer, Entry into Service-?/?/62, Rank-Pvt, Co B, Reg't 75 Ind. Vol., Final Discharge- 6/8/65, Rank Prvt, Co B, Reg't 75 Ind. Length of Service____, Reason for Discharge____
__________________________________________________________________


The Following Post gets rather confusing as the paperwork starts in 1887 with letters asking for corrections on members names and then there are letters from Harmon Dixon in 1891 requesting a change of address of the Post from Commiskey to Paris. I am listing the names as corrected on the list below. Also in the early letters it is named the Melvin Thomas Post, in the later ones Melville Thomas Post but the number 515 remains the same.

APPLICATION FOR CHARTER

Melvin Thomas Post No. 515, Commiskey, Jennings County, Indiana   Charter Granted Aug. 12, 1887,  Organized Aug. 20, 1887 by John S. Wells - a handwritten note at the bottom of the charter page states "Charter made Sept. 18, 1887"

Officers Elected and Installed

Oliver Shepherd      P.C.
John M. Dixon        S.V.C.
I. H. Rowlland        J.V.C.
John Shamback      O.D.
E. C. Lake               O.G.
Geo. Eddy               Chaplain
Ozias Nellis             Surgeon
Enock Layton         Q.M.
T. H. Hudson          Adj't

We the undersigned, Ex Soldiers and Sailors, who were honerably discharged from the service of the United States of America and who served under the Union flag during the rebellion, would most respectfully, ask that a Charter be granted for the installment of a Post at Commiskey, Jennings County, Indiana

Ozias Nellis               2nd West Vir. Cav.
Elijah Lake               133 Ohio National Guard Inft. 
John W. Rogers        120 Ind. Inf.
Joseph Bennett         54 Ill. Vol. Inf.
Oliver Shepherd        27 Ind. Vol. Inf.
Isaac H. Rowland      50 Ind. Vol. Inf.
John W. Dixon          12 Ind. Vol. Inf.
Robert M. Walker     120 Ind. Vol. Inf.  
Robert S. Dixon        120 Ind. Vol. Inf.
T. S. Hudson             27 Ind. Vol. Inf.   (a first name was added to this entry by Harmon Dixon it looks like Tompson H.)
Preston W. Lett        145 Ind. Vol. Inf.
George Eddy             8 Ind. Cav.
George W. Riggs       29 Ind. Vol. Inf.
William C. Calhoun  31 Ind. Inf.
John H. Waggoner    67 Ind. Inf.
George W. Dodd      117 Ind. Inf.
Harmon Dixon           7 Ind. Cav.
Mathew A. Wells      120 Ind. Inf.
John Schumback      120 Ind. Inf.
John A. Page              8 Ind. Cav.
Marion A. Shepherd  137 Ind Inf.
John H. Trapp           120 Ind. Inf.
Jeremiah Walker        25 Ind. Inf.
Frank M. James         27 Ind. Inf.
William T. McCaslin  137 Ind. Inf.
Enoch Layton            27 Ind. Inf.
Amos Cook    Col       28 U.S. Inf. (Amos Cook - Company F, 28 Reg't U. S. Colored Infantry - born Alabama)
John Wilson               32 Ind. Inf.

LETTERS

                                                        Lovett, Jennings Co., Indiana   Aug. 11, 1887

J. N. Walker Ast. Adjt Gen. G.A.R.
Indianapolis, Ind.

Dear Sir and Comrade -

                     Please find application for Charter of the Grand Army of the Republic - and money order for the same, ($10.00)  The list will be revised at the date of muster, which will be sent you at that time.  We would prefer to be mustered at as an early date that would be convenient to the Department.
Comrade W. S. Prather, McKeehan Post No. 36, North Vernon, Ind. mustered the Geo. Hopple Post at 6 Mile last year - and would suggest that he be detailed to muster this Post.

                                Very Respectfully in F. C. & L.
                                John H. Schamback
                                Lovett, Jennings Co. Ind.

_____________________________________________

                                                      Indianapolis, Aug. 23, 1887

Dear Sir and Comrade

      Herewith enclosed I return to you your application for Charter with Letter of Comdr J.S. Wells also MO $2.00 with the request that from this application you will have prepared a clean and clear list of the Charter Members adding such as have been mustered since, which you may wish to have as Charter Members. See that all names are correctly and plainly written, for the purpose of copying them to the Charter.
     There is no further fee for the additional Members.
     Please keep all these papers together and return to me with the list above asked for without delay.

                                                    Yours in F. C. & L.

                                                    J. N. Walker,  A.A. Genl.
___________________________________________

                                                  North Vernon, Ind.  Aug. 22, 1887

J. N. Walker  A.A. General

Dear Sir

     Melvin Thomas Post No. 515 G.A.R. at Commiskey was Mustered by Myself  Aug. 20, the names added in Pencil was men who had been enrolled on a list which had been lost there are others who are in the same condition that was detained by death can they yet be enrolled and Mustered as Charter Members.

                                                 Yours in F. C. and L.

                                                 John S. Wells
                                                         Comrade No. 36
P.S. Will enclose P.O. order for $2.00 for fee of those added to list Return Receipt  to Enoch Layton. Melvin Thomas Post 515 Commiskey, Ind.
________________________________________

Headquarters Melville Thomas
Post No 515 Dep. of Ind. G.A.R.
Paris Ind.  March 14, 1893
Comrad Irvin Robbins

Dear Sir

     We here with return our charter to have it corrected the name of W. A. Malcomb with the slip pasted over left off as he has always refused to be mustered in to our Post, and still refuses please advise me of the cost of same and I will remit

                                             Yours in F. C. & L. 
                                             Harmon Dixon
                                                                    Q.M.
_______________________________________

Headquarters Melville Thomas
Post No 515 Dep. of Ind. G.A.R.
Paris Ind. May 15, 1893
R. M. Smock A.A.G.

Dear Comrade

    I herewith Enclose one Dollar to pay for our Charter make out a new one and have the old officers sign it with the original date leaving off the ones names we wanted eraced.

                                         Yours in F. C. & L.
                                         Harmon Dixon
                                                                Q.M.
_______________________________________

Paris Ind  May 18, 1898
Comrade O.R. Weaver

Dear Sir

     I herewith return the list corrected and give the Given names where they were not in full and chage the PO Commiskey to Paris.

                                       Yours in  F. C. & L.
                                       Harmon Dixon

McKeehan Post G.A.R.
North Vernon Plain Dealer        October 27, 1881
    In pursuance to previous notice Gen. James R. Carnahan, Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, and mustering officer of the "Grand Army of the Republic" for the Department of Indiana, met the petitioners of North Vernon, at Odd Fellows Hall on Wednesday evening last, and a post of the above named order was organized. An invitation had been extended to Ellsworth Post, at Seymour, to be present and participate in the organization, and a number of the members came over and assisted in the mustering.
    The following named honorably discharged soldiers were mustered: Daniel Bacon, J.S. Ewan, P.C. McGannon, B.F. Hargrove, L.H. Hill, S. Weber, Henry Knoll, Ernest Langneck, W.H. Bious, W. H. Prather, J.C. Moncrief, Hagerman Tripp, Alexander Shepherd, Richard Day, Thomas West, John S. Couchman, Samuel S. Wilder, G.H. Clutch, Henry Davis, Mark Robinson, F.W. Verbarg, Herman Foge, Charles Gautier, Michael M. Stricker, C. Whitmore, James Marlett and C. E. Wood.
The Post was organized by electing
     Charles O. Wood, Commander
     P. C. McGannon, Senior Vice-Commander
     G. H. Clutch, Junior Vice-Commander
     W. S. Prather, Officer of the Day
     F. W. Verbarg, Officer of the Guard
     James S. Ewan, Surgeon
     Charles Gautier, Quartermaster
     Mark Robinson, Chaplain
The Commander appointed as his staff: Alexander Shepherd, Adjutant, and Lewis H. Hill, Sergeant-Major.
     The Quartermaster appointed Henry Knoll Quartermaster-Sergeant.
    The Post starts out with flattering prospects, confident of success. It is named McKEEHAN POST No. 36, in honor of Major Samuel McKeehan. Stated meetings are to be held on the first and third Tuesday evenings of each month.
The organization is non-partisan, and no discussions of partisan questions allowed, nor political nominations for any office be made.
The sole object to be accomplished by the organization is to preserve the kind and fraternal feelings which bind together the soldiers who united to suppress the rebellion, to discountenance whatever tends to weaken loyalty, and to encourage the spread of universal liberty, equal rights, and justice to all men.


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