Martin County Civil War Veterans
Published in:
Footprints of Martin County, Indiana
Martin County Genealogical Society
November 16, 2015
Vol 28, No. 2, 2015
Courtesy of Cathy Clark Beard

Places of residence of enrollees at Mustering Elm, August 18, 1862 

Dover Hill - John W. Honnold, John Barker, Lindsay Henson, Samuel J. Heston, David Hixon, Aaron W. Love, Michael Shirey, James Blacies, Doyle Bowden, Philip Carter, James Conquest, Jeremiah Clutts, George H. Crane, John G. Crane, John W. Crook, John Dew, Jacob H. Dumond, Joseph N. Dumond, James W. Freeman, William S. Gaither, Benjamer, Zacheus B. Huff, Benjamin J. James, Lewis James, Peter Jones, James L. Lawyer, Thomas Marlow, Samuel Marlow, Charles W. Marshall, Albert McBride, Mark McBride, Andrew Parker, Harmon R. Parker, William G. Parker, Alexander C. Porter, David R. Porter, Frederick Reinbold, Philip Rumpf, George Sanders, John Sanders, Richard Sanders, James M. Sharum, Alex D. Swaney, Jonathan Webster, Boaz Weshafer, Levi Wildman, George Wilson. 

Loogootee - Duke Fraim, Reuben T. Ellis, James W. Gardner, William J. Gardiner, Crook Love, James B. Love, Moses Love, William B. Smith 

Mountain Springs - John B. Corbin, Abraham Fisher, James W. Lewis, John R. Meek, Lemuel Owens, Hiram Sims, William Webb 

Shoals - Abner R. Brown 

Trinity Springs - Arthur D. Hastins, John Gaither, Joseph Guthridge, Samuel P. Etchison, Benjamin James, Thomas Miller, Nathaniel Dickerson, Lewis J. Baker, Lindsay Farris, Marshall Lane, Joel B. Norman, Asa Redyard, Philip Reinbold, William Rickets, Canaan Sellers, Moses Sellers, Lewis A. Sheeks, George Tempey, Henry F. Utterback, Isaac Utterback, Robert A. Wallace, John  B.  Williams

Company F, 65th Indiana Infantry Volunteers
Enrollments in  Company F, 65th Regiment Indiana Volunteers under the Mustering Elm in Trinity Springs, August 18, 1862: 2 Captains, 1 1st. Lieutenant, 2 2nd Lieutenants, 3 Sergeants, 6 Corporals, 1 Musician, 1 Wagoner and 70 Privates.

Click Photo To Enlarge

On Back of Original Photo: 
Co F 65th Ind Vol, Taken Aug 5 1910 at Trinity Springs Martin Co. under the old Mustering elm tree where this Co. was organized in 1862
Front Roll Left to Right- M. Shirey, John B. Corbin, Hiram Sims, Geo. W. Sanders, A. W. Love, John Crane
2nd Roll   Jas. W. Gardner, Thos Marlow, R. A. Wallace, J W Crook, J.B. Love, Marks McBride, Jas Marley
Copied as written

James Marley. Mustered in August 18, 1862; promoted to 2nd Lieutenant October 2, 1863; promoted to 1st Lieutenant May 12, 1865. Born June 9, 1838 Orange county, died January 14, 1917 Orleans. Buried Huron cemetery.

Various records in the holdings of the Martin County Genealogical Society reveal evidence of 4 Martin County residents who survived imprisonment in Andersonville and Libby prisons during the Civil War. 

James Best – Private Company F, 39th Indiana Infantry Volunteers, reorganized to the 8th mounted Ind. Inf. Vols. Disability from stomach disease and scurvy from exposure in Andersonville prison. (1886 Vets Enumeration) 
Mustered on August 29, 1861, mustered out June 18 1865. Resided in Bartholomew county at enrollment, resident of Center township 1886.

William Baldwin Clifton – Enlisted Company K, 39th Indiana Volunteers September 20, 1862. Captured near Atlanta (Jonesboro) August, 1864; lost left arm at joint due to injury received at that time. Taken to Andersonville August, 1864 where he received no treatment for injury. Was also in Libby prison, details not clear. Discharged April, 1865. (From autobiographical writings, see “Footprints” Volume 28, Number 1) Buried Spring Hill cemetery.

William A. Harper – Private Company [E] & I, 93rd Regiment. Received head wound in service and served 9 months in Andersonville prison. (1886 Vets Enumeration) 
Mustered in January 1, 1864, mustered out January 8, 1866. Resided in Mitcheltree township in 1886 & 1894 enumerations. Buried in Little Hickory cemetery. 

Andrew James Richardson/Rit cheson [sic] Private Company I, 91st Regiment. Contracted scurvy and spinal trouble in Andersonville prison, confined there for 3 months. 
Mustered in January 1, 1864, mustered out January 8, 1866. Resided in Mitcheltree township in 1886 & 1894 enumerations. Buried in Little Hickory cemetery.



The above named veterans listed themselves s residents of Martin county during the enrollments but follow up data was found only for Andrew Richardson who died in Martin county in 1907 and is buried in Little Hickory cemetery, which is located on land now occupied by the federal government. 

James Best mustered in August 29, 1861, mustered out June 18, 1865. Resided in Bartholomew county at enrollment; Center township, Martin County 1886 enrollment. 

William A. Harper – Mustered in January 3, 1864, mustered out November 11, 1865. Resided in Walesboro, Bartholomew county at enrollment; Center township Martin county 1886 enrollment. 

Andrew J. Richardson – Mustered in January 1, 1864, mustered out January 8, 1866.

Known Martin County Veterans who died at Andersonville Prison 

BUSSINGER, Henry             September 10, 1864               Pvt. Co. C, 14th Ind.
DUMOND, Jacob N.              April 7, 1864                          Pvt. Co. F, 65th Ind.
JAMES, Lewis                        June 28, 1864                          Pvt. Co. F, 65th Ind.
LAWYER, Joseph                  August 14, 1864                     Pvt. Co. B, 80th Ind.
PORTER, David R.                August 26, 1864                     Pvt. Co. F, 65th Ind.
REDYARD, Asa                    August 31, 1864                     Pvt. Co. F, 65th Ind.

SIDES, George                       February 8, 1865                     Pvt. Co. A, 66th Ind.

Andersonville Prison

In 1863 the area around Richmond, Virginia had a shortage of food to use as nourishment for the vast numbers of Union prisoners of war in that area, which created a need to move them from the immediate theater of war. Officials of the Confederacy began to search for a location for new areas to use as prisons. A site was chosen 120 miles south of Atlanta near the South Western Railroad near Anderson, Georgia, in 1863. 

Beginning in November, 1863, slave labor was utilized to begin clearing the area for construction of the prison. The immense pine trees were cut into 20 foot logs, planted 5 feet into the ground for a stockade, the inner one 1540 feet long and 750 feet wide, and was enclosed by another stockade that eventually encompassed 26 acres. A deadline 18 feet from the inner stockade greatly limited the inhabitable space. There were sentry boxes atop the inner stockade and two gates, North and South, each equipped with artillery to repel disturbances inside the stockades. 

Originally planned to hold 10,000 prisoners, the first prisoners arrived from Belle Island, Virginia on February 15, 1864. There was a total of almost 50,000 prisoners housed at various times, the most being 33,000 in one county. An average of 900 men died there each month, 97 dying August 23, 1864. 

Andersonville prison ceased to exist in April, 1965. Three months prior to that date, a bakery, a cookhouse, and a hospital stockade 600 feet by 300 feet containing 22 sheds, most without walls. Following the end of operations at Andersonville, all stockades and buildings were removed and the area used for farm land until May, 1890 when about 71 acres were purchased by the Georgia department of the G.A.R. The property was donated to the United States accepted on March 2, 1910. 

In 1868 the remains of veterans of the Union forces buried at Milledgeville, Macon, Irwinton and Americus Georgia were received at Andersonville National Cemetery. The cemetery contains 14 sections, A through N as well as several burial trenches; these trenches are appropriately marked and are in Sections #, F, H. J, and K. 

The commandant of the prison during its existence was taken to Washington, D.C. after the end of the war where he was tried, convicted and hanged.