HON. ORLAN FRANKLIN BAKER, attorney at law of Vincennes, Ind., was born in Paoli, Orange Co., Ind., August 4, 1848, son of John and Sarah (Delard) Baker. The father was born in Woodford County, Ky., in 1812, and the mother in Orange County, Ind., in 1819. Subject's paternal grandfaather was James Baker, a native of Orange Co., Va., born in 1785. He moved to Kentucky in 1805, where he remained until 1814, when he moved to what is now Orange County, Ind. and died in 1816. The maternal grandfather, John Delard, was born in what is now Mercer County, Ky., in 1798, son of Etienne Delard, native of South Carolina, born in 1767. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war and can trace his ancestry back to Montpelier, France. They left their native country in 1685, upon the expulsion of the Huguenots. Our subject was educated by a private tutor, and attended the State University at Bloomington, Ind., and graduated from that institution in 1864. He began the study of law in 1860 in connection with his other studies, and was admitted to the bar at Jasper, Dubois Co., Ind., in January, 1868, before he was twenty years of age. In 1859 he came to Vincennes, and has here made his home ever since. In May, 1863, he was elected city attorney of Vincennes, and held the office two years. In 1866 he was chosen to represent Knox County in the General Assembly, but declined re-election in 1868. He has since practiced his profession in Knox County, with the exception of two years, 1869 and 1871, when he resided in Indianapolis, and practiced his profession there in partnership with Judge Samuel E. Perkins. September 4, 1867, he took for his wife Miss Mary J. Faskington, daughter of Hon. William C. Faskington, of Indianapolis, Ind. Mrs. Baker died June 5, 1885, leaving a son named Frank T. In politics Mr. Baker is a Democrat, and is one of the best posted and most successful lawyers of Indiana. For a number of years he has been engaged in a literary work upon the races of men who have inhabited the West. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Knox Co., Vincennes Twp, p. 310]

EDWARD WILLIAM BRAY, pioneer of Orange County, Ind., was born June 5, 1820, and is a son of John H. and Hannah (Shelton) Bray, natives respectively of North Carolina and Virginia, who moved to Kentucky and were there reared; they had four sons and eight daughters, and came to this State in 1815, into this county in 1823, and finished their lives in this township--he in 1875, aged ninety-six, and she in 1873, aged eighty-four years. Edward W. Bray is well educated, and was a teacher, from his twenty-third to his twenty-eighth year, in the public schools. November 5, 1840, he married at Belleville, Ind., Lucy Jane Gilmer, to which union were born ten children--Mary E., Hannah A., Eunice A., Sarah E., Mildred (deceased), John W., Thomas W., Henry, Alexander Gilmer and Shelton. In 1876, Mr. Bray was elected Justice of the Peace of this township, and was re-elected four years afterward. He is an active Republican and an original thinker, having taken out a patent for an improved shuttle; he is also active in Sabbath-school labor. [MONROE TOWNSHIP, MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 270]

JOHN B. BUSKIRK, a native of Kentucky, was born September 5, 1815, in Shelby County. He is eldest son of Abram and Mary A. (Boswell) Buskirk, natives of Pennsylvania and Virginia respectively. They came to Indiana in 1817, and lived in New Albany until 1820, when they came to Monroe County and settled on a farm near Bloomington. The father was a stone-mason, and removing to Bloomington in 1831, followed his trade for a number of years. He was Associate Judge of the Bloomington courts for some time. He served as Postmaster for four years,a nd was Justice of the Peace for several years. He died in October, 1853. The mother died in 1850. The subject was reared at home until seventeen years of age, when he began learning the cabinet-maker's trade with William McCollough. In 1833, he went to New Albany, and worked at his trade for two years, when he returned to Bloomington for some time. Removing thence to Bedford, he remained for nearly twenty years; he then went to Orange County, where he engaged in the general merchandise business for eighteen years, the greater part of which he acted as Postmaster. Removing thence of Paola, Ind., he edited the Paola "News". In 1878, he returned to Bloomington, where he at present resides, sixty-nine years of age. On January 2, 1840, he was married to Maria H. Ritter, daughter of John Ritter, a citizen of Kentucky. They have had six children, five of whom are living--Thomas B., John W., Caroline L., Margaret B. and George A. Mr. Buskirk is a member of the A. F. & A. M. and of the I. O. O. F. He is a Democrat and a member of the Methodist Church. [BLOOMINGTON TOWNSHIP AND CITY, MONROE COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 555]

JOHN W. BUSKIRK, second son and third child of John B. and Maria H. (Ritter) Buskirk, natives of Kentucky, was born on November 20, 1845, in Bedford, Lawrence Co., Ind. His parents at present reside in Bloomington, and are spoken of elsewhere in this work. The subject of this sketch was reared in his native county until eight years of age, when he went with his parents to Orange County, and lived until 1859. He then entered the State University at Bloomington, remaining for two years. He enlisted in Company G, Forty-ninth Indiana Volunteers, under Col. John W. Ray. He served until June, 1863, and took part in the engagements at Chickasaw Bluffs and Arkansas Post. He then received an honorable discharge on account of disability, and in the fall of that year he again entered college, remaining for two years, and then went to North America, where he began the study of law with the Hon. James L. Collins. He continued for two years, then formed a partnership and practiced for one year. He then removed to Paola, and became partner with his brother, continuing until the spring of 1869, when he moved to Bloomington, remaining there for two years with his uncle. He then went into partnership with Lester L. Norton, and two years later became the partner of H. C. Duncan, which firm is at present doing a good, lucrative practice, and it is considered one of Monroe County's best law firms. He was elected Prosecuting Attorney for District 8 (Orange, Du Bois, Crawford, Perry and Spencer), which position he resigned on coming to Bloomington. In 1869, he was married to Ella A. Broadwell, daughter of Jonathan P. Broadwell, a prominent citizen of Tippecanoe County, Ind. They had three children, one of whom is living--Ella A. His wife died April 30, 1878. Mr. Buskirk is a member of the I. O. O. F., and of the Democratic State Central Committee. [BLOOMINGTON TOWNSHIP AND CITY, MONROE COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 559]

JOHN D. CARTER was one of the pioneers of "the new purchase," a wealthy farmer of Brown Township, a native of Ashe County, N.C., is the son of Nathaniel and Ann (Ramsy) Carter, and was born March 1, 1811. His parents came to Indiana in 1814, and settled in Orange County, where they lived eight years, coming to Morgan County in 1822, when they located upon a small tract of land entered from the Government, and at once proceeded to erect a log cabin, ,upon the dirt floor of which they stowed away their little family and scant supply of household goods. Their stock consisting of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, geese and ducks, they brought with them for Orange County. From a journal, written by the subject of this sketch, in which it faithfully recounted the many experiences of this family, we quote: "We saw hard times the first winter; we had to cut down green beech and sugar trees for our cattle to eat the buds; had to go from twenty to thirty miles for corn to make bread; and five to six miles for help to raise the cabin." But their experiences were but repetitions of those of hundreds of brave pioneers whose hardships and privations are recounted upon the pages of the early history of our country. November 26, 1834, Mr. Carter was married to Ruth Pickett, in the manner and form peculiar to the Friends' Society, of which they were both birthright members. This union has been blessed with ten children--George, Amos (deceased), Vincent, Sarah Ann (deceased), Mary, Ella (deceased), William P., Nathaniel, Benjamin, Harriet B. and Emma. Three of his sons, George, Vincent and Nathaniel, are prominent attorneys at law in the city of Indianapolis, and his son William lives in San Antonio, Tex. Mr. Carter has been one of the hardest working men of the county. His children have all been thoroughly educated, and as they have arrived at the estate of men and women, have received bountifully of the world's goods from the munificent hand of an ever generous parent. The declining years of his life are being happily spent upon his magnificent farm of about 350 acres, one and a half miles southeast of Mooresville, where at least once a year he assembles around his hearthstone and at his sumptuous table his children and grandchildren, and where the merry romp and laughter of the little folks are subdued to breathless silence, as they listen to the tales of pioneer life, as they come from the lips of one who has been an actor in scenes that seem to their young ears fraught with wondrous impossibilities. In politics, Mr. Carter has always been a Republican of the most pronounced type. He is a consistent Christian gentleman, and lives supremely happy in the glorious anticipation of eternal life in Heaven. [BROWN TOWNSHIP AND MOORESVILLE MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 219]

NATHANIEL CARTER, native of Orange County, Ind., the sixth child and third son of Nathaniel and Ann (Ramsey) Carter, natives of North Carolina, and of Irish and Scotch extraction respectively, was born March 25, 1815. His parents came into Morgan County in 1821, and located upon land entered from the Government, and where the two old people spent the remainder of their days, and where Nathaniel has since resided. He attended a little at the subscription schools and learned something of reading and writing. November 23, 1837, he was married at Plainfield, Ind., to Martha, daughter of Edward Chamness, a native of North Carolina. She bore him six children--James R., Hannah, Thomas F., Mary B., Nathaniel W. and William Edgar. His son, Thomas F., was killed at the battle of Chattanooga, Tenn., on May 31, 1865. The mother of these children died October 2, 1871, at the age of fifty-four years, and February 13, 1873, subject was married at Monrovia, Ind., to Louisa Jane (Hubbard) Blair, daughter of George Hubbard, deceased, native of North Carolina. Our subject and wife are birthright members of the Friends' Church. He is a Republican in politics, and a strong advocate of temperance. He gave the land gratis upon which is located public school building No. 1. What Mr. Carter possesses he has toiled for, and after giving away considerable land to his children, he yet owns a nice farm of ninety acres, all in cultivation and well improved. He lived with his parents and took care of them till their death. His religious work and charities are mostly among the poor of the country, and in such labor he is endeavoring to do the will of the Everlasting Father.[BROWN TOWNSHIP AND MOORESVILLE MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 220]

AZOR CHARLES was born 1796 and died 1871. He was the son of Joel Charles, who was one of the first emigrants to settle at this noted place, French Lick, and was also elected the first Justice of Peace. Azor's wife, Rachel Cobb, was a daughter of Samuel Cobb. The Charles and Cobb families came into Indiana by way of Kentucky and Tennessee from South Carolina. He was a brother of William Charles, who was murdered by the Indians. During and after the war of 1812, Joel Charles lived with his large family in a fort in French Lick, located where the French Lick Hotel now stands, and where a company of Rangers were stationed. Azor Charles is a great-great-great grandfather of James Robert McCampbell and Doreatha Temple. Reprinted with permission from the Springs Valley Herald, September 19, 1957 issue.

WILLIAM CLINTON was born in Orange County, Ind., March 23,1833, being the son of Henry Clinton. The father was born in the "Emerald Isle", and when an infant was brought to America by his parents. His father was a Revolutionary soldier and died from a wound received in that war. Subject's father came to Indiana at a very early date, and in 1842 came to Daviess County and followed the life of a farmer. He died about 1873. The mother was a North Carolinian by birth, and died about 1863. Our subject, William, received the most of his education at the subscription schools. He remained at home until twenty-one years of age. November 19, 1857, he married Elizabeth Flinn, daughter of Jacob and Berlinda Flinn. She was born January 7, 1834, in Lawrence County, Ind. They became the parents of these children: Sarah and Jacob M. (deceased), Martha J. (wife of Jesse F. Ketcham), Laura B. (wife of Jacob Shields), Flora (died in 1880 aged fourteen years), Rozilla, Charles W. (deceased) and William Olly (deceased). After his marriage Mr. Clinton lived one year on the home place and then located on forty acres of land which he had purchased in 1853. He now owns 204 acres of good land, on which he erected a fine residence, and good farm buildings. Mr. Clinton is a Democrat and in 1869 was commissioned justice of the peace, and was twice re-elected. He is one of the few surviving old settlers who yet remain to tell interesting incidents of early times. He and wife are members of the Baptist Church. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Daviess County, Madison Twp, p. 839]

HARRISON CORNWELL, a native of Virginia, was born March 10, 1802. He came to this State from Kentucky about the year 1823, and settled in Orange County, where his marriage to Nancy Cornwell took place December 22, 1826, by which union nine children were born, of which these four are now living: William T., Norban A., John L. and Harrison Franklin. In the year 1848 they moved to this county and settled on the farm now occupied by his widow. He died October 22, 1873. Norban also lives at the old homestead, looking after the estate and taking care of his aged mother. His marriage with Ellen V. Liston, of Illinois, was solemnized August 17, 1862, and to their union twelve children have been born, of which these ten are now living: Charles A., Florence E., Adolphus J., Norban H., Simon P., Theron E., Lawrence E., Estella E., Arterburn B. and Mary E.; all with the exception of Charles at home with their parents. His occupation has been principally farming in connection with which he has taught school, and was engaged in the mercantile business at Mount Carmel, and he has been quite successful in those pursuits. In politics he is a Democrat. [BROWN TOWNSHIP, WASHINGTON COUNTY, INDIANA]

FREDERICK GOBBEL, M.D. of Birdseye, Ind., was born October 18, 1831 in Orange County, Ind. He is the eldest of seven children born to Absolom and Julia Anne (Davis) Gobbel. Absolom was a farmer by occupation and a native of Orange County, N.C. The mother was born in Kentucky and was married to Mr. Gobbell in Orange County, Ind., where they made their home. Our subject remained at home receiving an ordinary education in the district schools. When twenty years of age he married Hannah Hammond, of Orange County, December 1, 1850, who bore him five children. The eldest, Frederick R., is now practicing medicine in Grantsburg, the youngest, Francis O. has now begun the study of medicine. Soon after marriage our subject began keeping a dry goods store. At the end of eight years he closed out, moved to Orange County and began studying medicine, moved back to Unionville and began practicing, graduating at Indianapolis Medical College in 1873. He practicerd at Unionville until 1875 and then moved to Grantsburg and remained till 1879. He then gave up his profession and invested about $4,000 in a saw and grist-mill. In this he was not very successful, so began practicing medicine again, this time in Birdseye. Dr. Gobbel lived with his wife till 1878. He married Maggie Nelson of Louisville, Ky, September 17, 1884. He is a Democrat in politics and is a man of influence, has been a delegate to Congressional and State conventions divers times. He is a member of the Christian Church and his wife is a Presbyterian. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 Dubois County, Jefferson Twp, p. 792]

WILLIAM GUTHRIE, of Madison Township, Washington County, Ind., was born in Orange County December 3, 1825. His parents were William and Elizabeth (Rigney) Guthrie, both natives of Virginia, who came from Ohio to Orange County in 1818. They remained there the balance of their lives, and were devoted members of the Baptist Church. William Jr., remained at home with his parents and worked on the farm until he was of age. He then began for himself by farming on rented land in Orange and Washington Counties until 1854, when he bought a farm of his own in Vernon Township, Washington County. On that he lived for ten years, when he purchased another in Madison Township, where he now lives. Farming has been his life occupation, and his success is indicated by his 280 acres of well improved and cultivated land. In early life he recieved a good common school education. In 1868 he became a member of the Regular Baptist Church, and in 1880 was ordained a minister in that denomination. Since that time he has had charge of two societies in that organization at Sinking Spring and at Lost River. Mary J. Coulter, born in Lawrence County, became his wife January 14, 1849. They are the parents of seven children, all living but one, and named John L., William F., Josephine M., Charlotte I., Mary F., and Samuel M. [MADISON TOWNSHIP, WASHINGTON COUNTY, INDIANA]

EVAN HADLEY was born in Chatham County, N.C., September 26, 1816, the year in which Indiana was admitted to the Union. His father, JAMES HADLEY, died in 1843; his mother, MARY HADLEY, died in 1874. In 1819, the parents came to Orange County, this State, where a number of relatives and acquaintances had settled within a few years, and after the harvest of 1820 James Hadley and others made a careful examination of a large portion of the "New Purchase," selected land in the White Lick country, and bought at the public sale at Terre Haute. The settlement of this land is thus described by Evan Hadley: "As father had with his brother ELI HADLEY been first to leave his native State, he was first, with a brother-in-law, JOHN JONES, to move to the newer part of the country, where many of their friends and relatives expected to follow as soon as circumstances permitted. So they loaded the two families and provisions for the winter in wagons, and set out for the promised land, accompanied, as I have heard my parents say, by seven men, including a hand that father hired, to stay and assist in clearing land for a crop the next season. This hand assisted my father seventy days, and they cleared and fenced ten acres of ground and raised a corn crop on it the next season. The wagons and emigrants arrived on the twentieth day of eleventh month, 1820, at the cabin of THOMAS BALLARD, near where the WILLIAM MACY brick house now stands, and by the kindness of the newly formed neighbors, the women and children obtained shelter with them, and the men of the party proceeded to camp on my father's land, being the quarter section adjoining south of the Macy farm. They entered at once on the work of building a cabin for a residence, and in seven days they had a house completed with stick and clay chimney, cracks well stopped, door, shutter, floor, and all complete without a nail, pane of glass or scrap of sawed lumber; what light there was when the door was closed came down the chimney; the family and assistants took possession and proceeded to housekeeping in a comfortable manner, and the men all joined in the erection of a smaller cabin on an adjoining tract of land, for the use of Uncle and Aunt Jones, before mentioned, which was soon completed, when those who came to assist returned to Orange County, taking the wagons and teams with them. A few families had 'squatted' on some tracts of land the previous spring, and had partially cleared some patches of ground, and had raised a small supply of soft corn, pumpkins and squashes. I remember two families of BALLARDS, MCCRACKENS, VIRTREES, LOCKHARTS, BARLOWS, REYNOLDS and perhaps others, all of whom have long since disappeared, except THOMAS LOCKHART, who, something over ninety years old, resides in Hendricks County. In the spring following, father and his hired hand walked back to Orange County for the team and wagon and stock, of which there were cattle, sheep and hogs, some assistance coming back with father to help get the stock along. An additional supply of provisions was also brought out; a cow and a young calf had been procured from a neighbor, which had supplied a much needed article of diet for some of the children, and I have heard my mother say that cow did as well without feeding any as others have done since with plenty of food given them. Some of the hogs 'went wild;' the old ones being ear-marked, gave a right by law of custom to a 'wild-hog claim,' and the proprietor of the 'mark' was justified in taking what he could capture that herded with those of his mark, as the addition was supposed to be the natural descendants of the original marked ones, and sometimes by strategy all would be decoyed into a kind of trap pen by finding where they bedded in winter,and erecting the strong pen near the place, then continuing to place corn around and leave it for them to find it until they would follow it into the pen, and by interfering with a bait, properly arranged, spring the trap, and find themselves confined, when the young would be marked, and thus perpetuate the claim. Wolves were some trouble to the sheep, but as the wool was indispensable for winter clothing, much care was taken to protect sheep by housing them of nights, and at times wolves howl around the sheep house very tumultuously when disappointed by being unable to reach their prey. Wolves were sometimes caught in strongly constructed pen traps, by baiting with the fresh carcass of sheep which they had recently killed. Summer clothing, bed cords and plow lines were sometimes made from the lint of the native nettle, after the woody portion had became sufficiently tender to be separated from the lint in the same manner that flax is prepared for spinning. I recollect a visit from a large black bear to our house, or near there, where he stopped when passing, sat down on haunches like a dog does, and elaborately viewed the surroundings for some time, turning his attention towards the house, where he could see the persons, though my mother and the children were all there were at home at the time. Late in the evening, too, some of the children were a good deal alarmed, but mother did what she could to convince us that there was not likely to be any danger, at any rate when we were in the house. After satisfying his curiosity, he deliberately walked away in the same direction he was going when he stopped, as though he knew where he was going; After he was gone, mother went to my uncle, WILLIAM HADLEY'S, about a quarter of a mile, and informed him of our visitor; he procured some company hastily and attempted to pursue with a view of capturing or at least attacking "Bruin," but it soon became so dark that the chase was abandoned. Bears frequently in the fall of the year, and especially when there was a good crop of mast, came in quite plentiful, but were seldom killed, as there were few, if any, expert bear hunters amongst the settlers. I remember seeing a few young bears after they were killed, but never saw a grown one caught or killed. Deer were plentiful, and in winter would come around the clearings and pick buds form the green brush, but were very shy of exposing themselves to danger, so that it required considerable strategy to secure them, though many were killed and furnished a very agreeable change of diet. Wild turkeys were abundant, and I suppose all the families had considerable supplies of that luxury in the fall and winter. After corn crops had become plenty, and some remained in the fields till winter closed in, so as to shut off access to the mast in the woods, both turkey and deer would congregate in the cornfields, when turkeys could be caught in rail pens, by building a few rails high, and covering the top with rails, then making a narrow ditch from the outside through under one side to the inside, coming up toward the middle; a few rails were placed over it next the wall of the pen then bated by sprinkling shelled corn in the ditch clear through to the inside, and some was scattered around on the ground outside to first arrest their attention; when they had used up what was scattered around, they would follow the trail through the ditch to the inside, and as soon as they would discover they were inclosed, they would devote themselves to active efforts to escape through the openings between the rails of the walls and overhead, and when the proprietor of the pen discovered them, he would readily capture them by placing a man or boy inside (I have been used for that purpose), who would catch and hand them out. A few panthers and wild cats or catamounts infested the country and did some damage by destroying young stock, but nerer, that I know of, attacked any person. During the first year, there was no use for mills, as there was nothing to grind; all provision was brought from older settlements. The first mill was built where MCDANIELS' Brooklyn Mill now is; that served to grind corn; the buhrs were cut out of native bowlders. A mill was early built by JOSEPH MOON at the present Moon Ford, which had a bolt to separate bran from flour; the customer had to do his own bolting by turning a crank similar to the operation of turning a grind stone. He also had to elevate the ground flour from the flour chest on the lower to the the third floor, by hand, to the hopper of the belt. My father sowed an acre or two of wheat about the second year, which made a crop of very poor grain, on account of the wild, green nature of the soil; he had some of it ground as corn,and sifted by a fine hair sieve, and from this flour our first native wheat bread was made. The people became quite anxious for religious association, and the Friends first met in voluntary meetings for worship in 1822, if I mistake not, at the cabin of ASA BALES, on what is now the Moon farm; in 1823, they obtained authority, according to their rules, from the organized superior meetings in Washington and Orange Counties to organize religious meetings in these parts, which was done, and they have from that beginning originated all the meetings of that order in Central, Northern and Western Indiana and Eastern Illinois. My father and his brother-in-law, Jones, before spoken of, with their families, were the first members of the Friends' Church who settled in Central Indiana. The Methodists (Episcopal) had some religious services in the neighborhoood of the present White Lick Church of that denomination, perhaps a little earlier that the Friends had. The education of the children of the new settlement early claimed attention, and a cabin for the purpose of a schoolhouse was built near where R. R. SCOTT'S brick dwelling now stands in Mooresville, and Asa Bales was the first teacher. This schoolhouse at first was designed to accommodate both sides of White Lick, but as the crossing was often difficult then as well as now, and as the settlement on the south and west of the creek soon increased sufficiently to sustain a school on that side of the creek, in 1824 the original Sulphur Spring Schoolhouse was built, and school was opened in it by my father, who taught several terms of three or six months, counting thirteen weeks of five days' school to each week for three months; the schools were paid for by the patrons by subscription of about $1.50 per scholar for three months. I omitted to mention in connection with the introduction of milling another device for preparing grain for bread now out of use, called a hominy mortar, made usually by burning out of the top of some solid green stump, a bowl-shaded cavity, which was dressed out smooth after burning to a sufficient size; a post was then placed at a suitable distance for the mortar, and a spring pole placed on the top of the post or fork; a pestle was then fastened to the end of the pole over the mortar, then the corn was placed in the cavity, and the pestle brought down on it with a sudden jerk, when the elasticity of the pole would immediately jerk the pestle up. So, by oft repeating this operation, the corn would be mashed into good hominy, and sometimes could be made into bread. A water-power hominy mill was sometimes erected by balancing a considerable beam, leaving one end heavier that the other. A cavity was made in a substantial block and placed solidly under the heavy end of the beam, water was then conveyed by a small race across some creek of a branch, and conveyed by some kind of spout into a trough prepared in the light end of the beam, till the weight became sufficient to lower that end and lift the other up till sufficient water ran out to reverse the balance of the beam, when the pestle would down on the corn with forcible effect, and thus the operation would continue as long as was necessary. * * * In conclusion, I might state I have continuously resided within six miles and less of the place where my father first located, and I think I have had the longest residence in that White Lick part of the county than any now living. My father's family are all gone to the next world, except a sister, who has long resided in the West. I might further say that my wife, who was MARY ANN BALLARD, daughter of JESSE and SARAH BALLARD, both deceased, was born in Monroe Township in 1826, and has continuously resided in the township ever since, and is believed to be the oldest native born person in the township." [MONROE TOWNSHIP, MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, pp. 273-276]

BENJAMIN A. HARNED is a son of John S. and Ruth (Green) Harned, grandson of William Harned, and great grandson of Josiah Harned, the latter being a Revolutionary war soldier, and dying in Virginia. William Harned immigrated to what is now Orange County, Ind., in 1814, where he followed farming until his death. John S. Harned was born in Louden County, Va., in 1796, and when twenty-one years of age emigrated to Canton, Washington Co., Ind., where he taught school, and later engaged in merchandising. He was a member of the Society of Friends; was an honored and esteemed citizen, and died June 22, 1880. His wife was also a Quaker in religious belief, and died several years previous to the death of her husband. Benjamin A: Harned was born September 20, 1829, and has always followed agricultural pursuits in his native county. He is a Republican, and in 1853 married Elizabeth Clark, by whom he is the father or three children: Laura (now Mrs. Dr. Jones), Mary (Mrs. J. C. Cregg) and Annie. The parents are members of the Presbyterian Church. [WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP, WASHINGTON COUNTY]

BENJAMIN F. HARNED was born in Orange County, Ind., October 9, 1844. His parents, Charles and Lucinda (Stalcup) Harned were natives of Virginia and Indiana respectively. They removed from Orange to Dubois County in 1847, and settled on a farm. Benjamin F. passed his boyhood days on the farm, living with his parents until his mother's death, which occured in 1854. He then worked for different parties until 1862, when he enlisted in his country's cause as volunteer private in Company K, Sixty fifth Indiana Regiment, and served faithfully for three years. He fought bravely in the following important engagements: Siege of Knoxville, Tenn., Resaca and Dalton, Ga., and Cedar Creek, and was with Sherman, on his famous march to the sea. September 2, 1866, Polly, daughter of Thomas Hopkins, became his wife and to them seven children have been born: Thomas, Emory, Flora, Dora,Belle, Gracie I., and Mirnena. In politics, Mr. Harned is a warm adherent of the Republican party, and has taken an active interest in the political affairs of his day. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, Ireland Lodge No. 388, and is a highly successful farmer, owning 100 acres of good land. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 Dubois County, Bainbridge Twp., p. 599]

CORNELIUS HILL, a native of Indiana, was born August 23, 1836, in Richmond, Wayne County. His parents, Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Hill, native of Indiana and North Carolina respectively, were married in Indiana in 1833, and locating in Richmond, the father followed the carpenter's trade. In 1838, they removed to Grant County, to a farm, where in August, 1843, the father's death occurred. The mother died in April, 1865. Cornelius was the eldest son and second child, and was reared in Grant County until eight years of age; then with his mother he went to Washington County. Shortly after, they removed to Orange County, where he obtained a good education. When seventeen years of age, he began working on a farm, which he continued until the fall of 1856, when he became to Morgan County and farmed near Mooresville for some time. In 1859, he went into the confectionery business, and about one year later, he went to Kentucky, farmed for some time, returning thence to Indianapolis. In 1862, he enlisted in Company B, Seventieth Indiana Volunteers, under Samuel Harriman, and served for nearly three years, acting as Corporal. He took part in the battles at Resaca, Atlanta, Peach Tree Creek, Averysboro, Cassville, Kenesaw Mountain and Bentonville. After the close of the war, he located in Martin County, Ind., as stationary engineer. In March, 1869, he was married to Letha A. Greeson, of Morgan County. They have one child--Mabel Pearl. In 1874, he went into the confectionery business again. In November of 1879, he sold a half interest and added a stock of groceries. In August of the next year, he went to Wabash and opened a bakery and confectionery, which he continued to run for one year, when he came back to Martinsville, where he is at present engaged in a lucrative business. Mr. Hill is a member of the A. F. & A. M. and of the G. A. R., and is politically a Republican. His wife is an active member of the Methodist Church. [WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP AND MARTINSVILLE, MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 191]

DR. T. J. HUNT was born in Orange County, Ind., November 24, 1854, son of Thomas and Alvina (Mayfield) Hunt, natives of Indiana and Tennessee, respectively, and born in 1821. The father is a lawyer by profession, and is one of the leading men of Orange County. He held the position of county treasurer for about 53 years, and was a member of the State legislature one term. He also filled an unexpired term as county auditor, and at one time was one of the examiners of the county treasurer's record and proved himself to be a very efficient officer. The mother died in 1866. Our subject received his literacy education in Paoli, and made his home with his people unti twenty years of age. At the age of eighteen he began the study of medicine under Dr. Holland and his brother, Frank, Paoli, and at the end of two years entered the Louisville Medical College and took a preliminary course of lectures lasting for five weeks. He then returned and resumed his reading eights months and in 1875-76 took a regular course of lectures in the Indiana Medical College at Indianapolis. He then located in Charlottesville, Ill., and began his practice. At the end of eighteen months he returned and located at Pond Creek Mills, Ind. In 1879-80 he completed his course at Indianapolis, graduating in February 1880. He remained in Pond Creek until 1884, when he came to Monroe City, where he has practiced his profesison and has the entire confidenxw of the people. He belongs to the Democratic party, and cast his first presidential vote for S. J. Tilden. November 20, 1880, he married Nancy, daughter of James and Serena Perry. She was born in Knox County in 1865. They have three children, viz: Gertie B., Claudie B. and Essie M. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Knox Co., Harrison Twp., p. 506]

ENOCH E. INMAN, of Birdseye, Ind., was born February 20, 1843 in Schuyler County, Ill. He is one of thirteen children born to Parmenius and Martha E. (Pascal) Inman, who were natives of Tennessee, and came to Indiana during Dubois County's early settlement. After a time they moved to Illinois where our subject was born. The father died in 1844 of scarlet fever. After his death the mother moved to Dubois County, where she died in 1876. Our subject was raised on a farm, and entered the army at the age of eighteen, he enlisted in Company I, Twenty-fourth Indiana Volunteers, and was discharged December 31, 1863. He re-enlisted in the same company in 1865, when he was mustered out; he was in the Missouri campaign and at Shiloh, Corinth, Grand Prairie, Port Gibson, Champion Hill, siege and surrender of Vicksburg, Fort Blakely, Mobile, and was on garrison duty at Galveston. Coming from the army he began farming. In 1866 he sold his farm and moved to Martin County, Ind. and bought another farm, he remained here about twelve years, and then came to Birdseye; he was married October 22, 1866 to Clarissa Hawhe, of Orange County, Ind. to whom were were born six children, three now living: Lillie L., Parmenius E. and Alvin H. This wife died June 11, 1878. He was married to Martha J. Jacobs, of Birdseye, July 5, 1879. He is a reliabel Republican, and a member of the G.A.R. He and wife are members of the Methodist Church. [Dubois County, Jefferson Twp, p. 724] NOTE: Enoch's 1st wife was Clarissa Moore, daughter of Edward Moore of Orange County. She first married William Hawhee who died during the civil war. --VLH

DAVID C. LANE was born September 20, 1846, and was one of a family of three children--Jesse A., Henry and David C.--born to Mordica and Mary (Allen) Lane, natives, respectively, of North Carolina and Tennessee. They were married in Orange County, Ind., where they remained until 1879, when they moved to Dubois County, Ind., and lived there until their deaths. The mother was an earnest and useful member of the Christian Church. Our subject was reared and educated by his parents, and remained at home until his marriage, which occurred June 11, 1863; his wife was Miss Mary McGrew, daughter of Washington and Susan (Archer) McGrew of Orange County, Ind. Eight children were born to this union: William M., Emma J., Lavina, Andrew, Zerilda, Martha, Sarah A. and Charley H. Mrs. Lane was born in 1845 and is a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Lane owns 340 acres of excellent land, well improved, and is a good farmer and stock raiser, and by energy and industry has acquired all his property since his marriage. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 History of Dubois Co., Indiana, Hall Twp, p. 766 ]

DR. CHAMBERS M. LINDLEY was born in Crawford County, Ill., on January 1, 1832. His father came from North Carolina, and settled in Orange County, Ind., while the country was yet a wilderness and inhabited by the Indians. Shortly afterward, he moved to Crawford County, near Huntsville, Ill., and the country being wild and unsettled, he with all the early settlers, endured many hardships and privations. He was a member of the Friends' Church, and this ten children were brought up under its influence. He died in 1837. Chambers M., the subject of this sketch, was reared on a farm. At the age of fifteen, he lost an arm by a runaway horse. After a season at the pioneer schools, he came to Parke County, Ind., and attended the Bloomingdale School, conducted by the Friends. Then he taught for a period of three years. He then began the study of medicine, and attended the medical colleges at Ann Arbor, Mich., and Cincinnati, Ohio, graduating from the latter institution in 1860. He then began the practice of medicine at Waverly, Morgan County, where he continued in his profession ten years. Failing in health, he retired to a farm, where he remained six years; thence came to Brooklyn, where for twelve years he has been actively engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery. In May, 1856, he was married to Elizabeth J. Province, of Pleasureville, Ky. She has borne him two children--Ella and Minnie. The Doctor and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is also a member of the Brooklyn Lodge, No. 471, A. F. & A. M. As a farmer, he owns 260 acres of well-improved land. The Doctor has a fine medical library, as well as the works of nearly all the standard authors on miscellaneous subjects. ["COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE. CLAY TOWNSHIP, MORGAN CO., INDIANA, PAGE 264.]

WILLIAM A. LINE, M.D. was born January 12, 1844, and is a son of John and Phoebe (Pierson) Line, who were natives of Tennessee and Indiana, respectively. The father's parents came from England and settled in Tennessee. Our subject's father made his home in Orange County, Ind, where he died in 1854. He was a colonel in the State militia, and county surveyor of Orange County, and filled several other minor offices. His wife still resides on the old farm in Orange County and is a member of the Baptist Church. Our subject was educated by his parents and remained with them until his marriage. At the age of eighteen, he began the study of medicine with Drs. Schoonover and Ellis of Hardinsburg, Ind. About two years after he entered the medical college in Louisville, Ky., where he remained one term. Removing home he was united in marriage to Margaret Ellis, December 1864. To them were born two children: John C. and William M. For his second wife he took Mrs. Mary (Redcliffe) Young, and to this union three children were born: Mary, Francis and August. His wife dying January 1, 1881, he married Jennie Wininger, August 8, 1881. Dr. Line began practicing medicine in the town of Hillham in 1865, where he remained until 1883. Since then he has given up his profession to some extent and is now running a general store, and is doing a thriving business. He owns 200 acres of land, well improved. The Doctor is a Democrat in politics, and is one of the central committee of Dubois County, and he is well and favorably known in his neighborhood. His present wife belongs to the Baptist Church. [Dubois County, Columbia Twp., p. 767]

THOMAS McCUNE, a native of Kentucky, born March 7, 1829 is the youngest in a family of twelve children born to James and Keziah McCune. The father came to Orange Couunty, Ind. in 1832, and later came to Dubois County where he died. His wife was a member of the Baptist Church and died in Lawrence County. Our subject was left an orphan when about twelve years of age and made his way as best he could, working by the day and month until his marriage to Miss Lucinda Parsons, April 5, 1850. She is the daughter of Robert and Jane Parsons and is the mother of nine children: Jane (deceased), Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah A. (deceased), Lucinda, Missouri, Viola, Robert and James. Mr. MCune owns eighty acres of land, well improved and is a good substantial citizen of Dubois County. In politics he is a warm Democrat and his wife is a member of the Christian Church. [Dubois County, Columbia Twp, p. 767]

P. S. MCNEFF was born in 1834, near Brooklyn, Morgan County. He lived on the farm until the autumn of 1852, when he went to Iowa, where he worked on a farm for two years, and then served time at the carpenter's trade, and worked at it until the spring of 1856, when he returned to Indiana, and remained until September of the same year. He then returned to Iowa, and in 1858 went to Lawrence, Kan.; thence again, in 1859, to Iowa; thence, in September of the same year, to New Albany, Ind.; thence to Salem, Ind. After a short sojourn South, he returned to Salem, Ind., where he remained until March, 1861. In that meantime, he was married to Catharine, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Winslow. After a trip to Iowa, he returned to Salem and bought a farm near that town, on which he remained until March, 1869, owning meantime different farms. He then sold out and moved to French Lick, Orange Co., Ind., and engaged in the dry goods business, following it several years. When he closed out his stock and returned to Brooklyn, Morgan County, having been absent nineteen years. Here he purchased a stock of goods, formed a partnership with his brother, W. A. McNeff, and remained in the business five years, when our subject retired from the firm and moved to Monrovia, Ind., and again engaged in the mercantile trade. After over two years' experience in the business, he moved his stock to Louisville, on the county line between Morgan and Owen. In February, 1881, he disposed of his stock and again returned to Brooklyn and purchased another stock of goods. At the end of sixty days, he again sold out, and purchased his brother's stock, and is, just at this time, engaged in the mercantile business, having a successful trade. ["COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE. CLAY TOWNSHIP, MORGAN CO., INDIANA, PAGE 265]

WILLIAM A. MCNEFF, farmer, was born in Brown Township, Morgan County, Ind., March 25, 1838, and is the seventh of the ten children born to Thomas W. and Sarah (Smith) McNeff, natives of Kentucky and Pennsylvania, and respectively of Scotch-Irish and German descent. William A. was reared upon the home farm, and attended the subscription schools. His father brought him to Indiana in an early day, coming to Harrison Township. There he was married, and afterward came to Morgan County. In 1852, William A. went from Indiana to Iowa with his father, and there remained until 1862. Mr. McNeff, Sr., died in 1856. After returning to Indiana, William A. went to Washington County, and afterward went to Orange County, and came to Morgan County in 1871. Since that time, he has resided in this township. He is engaged in cultivating a farm of 120 acres, improved, and having a fine residence, besides other appliances necessary to a finished farm. It is also stocked with horses, hogs, cattle and sheep. On December 28, 1872, he was married to Mary C. Rinker, a native of Clay Township, Morgan County, and a daughter of William and Eleanor Rinker. They have had two children--Leslie, born February 8, 1874, and Don Clyde, born September 13, 1882. Mrs. McNeff is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and is a Democrat, having cast his fist ballot for James Buchanan. In earning a competence, he has been aided by no one, having been dependent entirely upon himself. ["COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE. CLAY TOWNSHIP, MORGAN CO., INDIANA, PAGE 265]

DAVID S. MORGAN was born August 3, 1834 in Orange County, Ind., and is the oldest son in a family of ten children born to Samuel G. and Mary (Taylor) Morgan, natives respectively of North Carolina and Indiana. They were married in Orange County, Ind., and resided there the rest of their lives. They were members of the Methodist Episcopal church, of which the father was a minister for about fifty years. Our subject received a liberal education and made his home with his parents until his marriage. October 19, 1853, he led to Hymen's altar Adaline McPherson, to whom one son was born, namely William. Mrs. Morgan was born February 17, 1838 and died September 12, 1854. For his second wife Mr. Morgan took Rachel Horton, April 26, 1854, who has presented him with eleven children: Alfred, Samuel, John J., Fidelia E., Mary E., Milly J., David G., Charles, Adaline I., Rachel M., and Pleasant. Mr. Morgan owns 245 acres of good land, mostly under cultivation and is a Republican in politics. In the late war he enlisted in Company G, Forty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and served his country for over three years. He is well and favorably known throughout the county, and he and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 History of Dubois Co., Indiana, Columbia Twp, p. 768]

JOHN W. NICHOLSON, a native of Orange County, Ind., was born December 7, 1836. He is the eldest son in a family of eleven children born to Harvey and Maria (Connel) Nicholson, natives of North Carolina and Indiana, respectively. They settled in Orange County, and, about 1846, located in Dubois County, Columbia Township, where they spent the remainder of their lives. The father held the office of county commissioner two terms and was township trustee under the old school law. The subject of our sketch received as fair an education as could be obtained in the schools of his boyhood, and January 20, 1861, he was united in marriage to Catherine McIver, born January 20, 1831 and daughter of Kenneth and Elizabeth (Cox) McIver. To this union seven children were born: Benjamin F., Attosey H., Thomas S., John W., Joseph S. and two children deceased. Mr. Nicholson owns forty acres of land well improved. He is a Democrat in politics and has served as constable and notary public in his township, and is well respected by his neighbors. Mrs. Nicholson is a member of the Christian Church. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 History of Dubois Co., Indiana, Columbia Twp, p. 768]

JOHN PRUITT, of Mentor, Ind., was born December 24, 1844, in Orange County, Ind. He is a son of John and Nancy (Grimes) Pruitt, natives of Kentucky, who came to Birdseye, Ind., about 1840, and still live there where they own eighty acres of land. Our subject's educational advantages were limited, as the schools at that time were very imperfect. His boyhood was spent on a farm, and at the age of twenty he began working on a farm of his own, where part of Mentor now stands. He continued farming until 1880, on eighty acres of land and made a success financially. He then began the general merchandise business in Mentor, in connection with farming. He carries a capital line of goods, and is doing well. He was married in March, 1864, to Malinda A. Blunk, the result of this union being eight children, five now living: William L., Nancy M., Joseph, Charlotte and Matilda. Mr. Pruitt is a Democrat and was township trustee for three terms, the first being in 1874 and closing in 1885. He is a leading politician and a worthy citizen. [History of Dubois County, Indiana, Jefferson Twp, p. 731]

THOMAS Y. RILEY, superintendent of the county poor, was born November 29, 1810, in Sumner County, Tenn., and is one of a large family of children born to James and Delphia (Rice) Riley. The father was a native of Ireland and came to the United States in his youth and married in Virginia. He lived at different times in Tennessee and Kentucky and died in the latter State in 1814. Thomas Y. came to Dubois County, Ind., with his mother in 1818. He remained with her until he was twenty-eight years old, when he married Elizabeth Lawrence, born May 7, 1820, in Kentucky. They have had ten children: Andrew Jackson (deceased), George Washington, Sarah Ann (deceased), James K. Polk (deceased), Nancy Jane, Delphia Ann, Rachel Elizabeth (deceased), Martha Ann, Mahala Ellen (deceased), and Permelia Catherine. After marriage our subject located in Orange County, where he purchased 120 acres of land and resided for over forty years. He then came to Dubois County and lived for ten years on a farm of 120 acres. In 1881 he applied for the position of keeping the county poor and was successful in obtaining the office. At the end of three years he was re-elected. Mr. Riley is a good business man and the right person for the position he now holds. His wife fills the office of matron with exceptional success. At present they have about thirty persons under their care. In politics Mr. Riley is a Democrat, casting his first vote for Andrew Jackson. He and wife are members of the Missionary Baptist Church. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 History of Dubois Co., Indiana, Madison Twp, p. 746]

WILLIAM F. SHIVELY, postmaster of Edwardsport, was born June 2, 1832, in Dubois County, Ind., and is one of eleven children of Jacob B. and Anna (Mavity) Shively. The father was of German descent, born in Kentucky in 1797, and was a Christian minister, and also farmed to some extent. He and family came to Orange County, Ind., and in 1830 moved to Dubois County, remaining until 1841. He died in the winter of 1867. The mother was of French descent, born in Virginia January 14, 1799, and moved to Kentucky with her parents when only three years old. She died in Dubois County. William F. received part of his education in the subscription schools but the greatest part was acquired at home. At the age of eighteen he left the parental roof and started for California, going via the Gulf of Mexico, Isthmus of Darien and up the Pacific coast. During his stay in the "Eldorado State" he worked in the gold mines. He returned to Indiana in 1851-52, being three months on the voyage. August 6, 1854 he married Alice Curry, daughter of Thomas and Catharine Curry. She was born July 3, 1835 in Pittsburgh, Penn. They have seven children. Thomas J., Benjamin F., Anna C. (wife of William H. Pennington), Elizabeth (wife of Thomas Mattox), William F., Jr., Mary C. and Leland S. Mr. Shively worked at the carpenter's trade in Boonville, one year. In 1864 he came to Knox County, and began farming near Edwardsport. In 1864 he was drafted in the army, and served in Company B, Thirty-eighth Volunteers Infantry and remained in the field until hostilities ceased. He received his discharge at Indianapolis July 3, 1865. He then resumed his trade and farmed in connection. He is a Democrat in politics and cast his first vote for Buchanan. September 11, 1885 he was commissioned postmaster of Edwardsport by A. E. Stevenson, acting Postmaster General and has served since October 1, and has given almost universal satisfaction. He and wife are members of the Christian Church. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Knox Co., Vigo Twp., p. 491]

REV. HUGH STACKHOUSE, present resident minister of the Methodist Protestant church, Mooresville, Ind., was born in Breckinridge County, Ky., November 9, 1837. His parents, William and Jane (McNab) Stackhouse, natives of England and of North Carolina respectively, came to Indiana in the year 1841, settled in Orange County, and there ended their days. They had eleven children--eight sons and three daughters--and six of the sons and one of the daughters were older than the subject of this sketch. Up to eighteen years of age, Hugh Stackhouse lived upon a farm, and from his father (who was a superior scholar), and through a pretty regular attendance at the public schools, he received a good English education. About this time, he began his theological studies, and in the year 1859 was received into conference at Morristown, Ind., and two years thereafter regularly ordained Elder of the church. After being received into conference in 1859, he was at once assigned to Richland Circuit, which embraced twelve places for preaching, and held this charge three years. The year following he occupied the Monroe Circuit; and on April 29, 1863, he was married at Solsberry, Ind., to Nancy Jane, daughter of William and Mary Hannum, of Ohio, and has had born to him four children--Urbine, Charles H. (deceased), Arthur and Cora May. Since entering the ministry, the Rev. Mr. Stackhouse has been kept constantly on duty, and during the time has held some of the most important charges in the United States. He is a thorough theologian, and ranks high among the many eloquent ministers of the Methodist Protestant Church. In addition to his pastoral duties, he is the occasional correspondent for several Church periodicals, and holds the position regularly of Corresponding Elder for the "Methodist Recorder". He has represented his conference in four General Conferences and two General Conventions; is a Royal Arch Mason, a Republican in politics and a stanch advocate of the cause of temperance. [BROWN TOWNSHIP AND MOORESVILLE, MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 239]

E.C.VANTRESS, M.D. was born in Orange County, Ind., June 1, 1851, son of William and Elizabeth (Carter) Van Tress. The father was of German origin, born in Kentucky in 1801. He was a farmer and carpenter, and came to Indiana in his youth. He owned 240 acres of land in Orange County, where he lived until his death in 1873. He was taken suddenly ill while at Bedford and was not able to return home. He was buried in the cemetery at Orleans. The mother was born in Kentucky in 1814 and was of German-Irish descent. She died August 13, 1868. Our subject attended the district schools and the academy at Orleans for five years. When seventeen years old he began teaching but taught only one term. When about twenty years of age he began studying medicine with Dr. J. C. Pierson, with whom he remained three years. In 1874 he entered the Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati, Ohio, remaining one year. He then practiced two years at Bicknell, Ind., and in 1880-83 attended the Medical College at Indianapolis, graduating as an M.D. in March 1888. He then traveled through the South, quite extensively but returned to Knox County in 1878, and located in Monroe City, where he resumed his practice and has since resided. July 27, 1870, he wedded Nancie Trueblood, daughter of Josiah and Rachel Trueblood. She was born in Indiana March 14, 1854. They have one child--Bertie. Dr. Van Tress is the leading physician and surgeon of Monroe City, and is a Democrat in politics. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Knox Co., Harrison Twp, p. 517]

DR. WILLIAM B. WALLS was born in Orange County, Ind., August 24, 1834 and is the seventh of twelve children born to the marriage of William C. and Cynthia (Barnett) Walls, natives of Virginia and Tennessee, and born in 1798 and 1800 respectively. The Doctor lived in his native county until about ten years of age, and then moved with his parents to Crawford County, Ind., where he engaged in farming and secured a good common school education. September 1, 1853 he led to Hymen's altar Mary Ann Newton, daughter of John and Cynthia (Fleming) Newton. After his marriage, Dr. Walls taught school for about nine years, and then began studying medicine under the direction of Dr. Joel Vanderver, remaining with him some five years. He practiced his profession in Crawford County until August 25, 1865, when he went with his family to Haysville, Dubois Co., Ind., where he continued his practice until 1867. He then came to Alfordsville, where he has since remained. He was for some time associated with Dr. George W. Walls and since their dissolution, in 1871, has met with good success. He is a warm Republican, and cast his first vote for Fremont. He is a Mason, and owns forty acres of land. He is the father of these children: Sara E., John W. A., Martha A., Mary Isabel, Leconius L. E., George B., Frank M., Allan and Laura M. The Doctor is not a member of any church, but his family are Methodists. [History of Knox and Daviess Counties, 1886 Daviess County, Reeve Twp, p. 883]

JOHN L. WILLIAMS, a successful hardware merchant of Salem, was born in Washington County, Ind., October 1, 1834, and is a grandson of William Williams, and son of William R. and Hannah Williams. The family of which our subject is a representative, is among the oldest of Washington County, their former home being in North Carolina. John L. was raised to manhood on his father's farm, and aside from the district schools attended the High School at Salem and the State University at Bloomington. For some time he was engaged in school-teaching, at one time serving as Principal of the Orange County Seminary at Paoli. In 1864 he was elected Surveyor of Washington County, re-elected in 1868, and in 1870 was elected to the Auditorship of this county. After serving four years in the latter capacity he was again elected, occupying that office until 1878. He is a Democrat in politics, a member of the Masonic brotherhood and also the Christian church. To his marriage with Katie, daughter of Sanders and Fanny (Brown) Hughes, four children have been born as follows: Mary, Annie, Charles and Maud. The mother is a native of this county, her birth occurring in 1835. [WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP, WASHINGTON COUNTY]

WILLIAM WILLIAMS was born near Paoli, Ind., May 1, 1816, a son of Jonathan and Celia (Silcox) Williams, natives respectively of Tennessee and North Carolina. Jonathan Williams was a son of John R. Williams, of East Tennessee, who married Margaret Reed, and in the early time moved to Morgan County, Ind., where he died about 1830, the parent of ten children, seven boys--William, Lewis, John R., Isaac, Keyton, Robert and Jonathan. He (Jonathan) was born in Tennessee February 17, 1795, came to this territory when young, and in 1820 to Morgan County, where he and wife died, the former September 15, 1845, the latter July 26, 1868. He was one of the first County Commissioners who located the city of Martinsville. He was elected Sheriff in 1834, again in 1836, and in 1838 was elected to the Legislature. He was with Gen. Jackson in his first battle, was a prominent and respected citizen, and the father of the following family: William Pleasant, John, Jonathan, David, Jackson, James, Polly and Nancy. William has resided here since he came with his parents in 1820. December 31, 1846, he married Emma, daughter of John King, to which union three children followed: Celia A., Howard (deceased) and an infant (deceased). After Mrs. Williams' death, February 25, 1849, he wedded Martha J., daughter of William A. Major, with an issue of seven children--Angeline (deceased), Franklin, Perry (deceased), Robert H., Dora E., Jennie (deceased), and California. Mr. Williams has served as Sheriff and is now Township Assessor. [WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP AND MARTINSVILLE, MORGAN COUNTY, INDIANA; "COUNTIES OF MORGAN, MONROE & BROWN, INDIANA. HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL." CHARLES BLANCHARD, EDITOR. CHICAGO: F. A. BATTEY & CO. PUBLISHERS. 1884. F. A. BATTEY. F. W. TEPPLE, p. 215]

JOHN F. WINEINGER, son of John A. and Catherine (Wineinger) Wineinger, was born February 28, 1840, in Orange County, Ind. He had poor advantages for education, but now is a good business man. At twenty-two years of age he began working for himself on his father's farm. He now owns 200 acres of land, 100 under cultivation. About 1861 he married Rachel Corne, who lived only two years. A year later he took for his second wife, Maria White, who bore him four children: Irvie W., Belle, Stella and Charles. After a few years she was called from among the living, and in 1877 he married again. Caroline Walters became his wife, born June 23, 1856. The family born to this union are Nancy A., Andrew, Harvey I., and Cora V. Mr. Wineinger is a warm Democrat, never having voted any other ticket. As a farmer he has been fairly successful and he is much respected by his neighbors. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 Dubois County, Boone Twp, p. 715]

SAMUEL W. WINEINGER is a son of John A. and Catherine Wineinger. The father, a native of Tennessee was born in 1808. In 1835 he and his family moved to Orange County, Ind., where they lived about twenty-one years, and then came to this county. Samuel was born November 18, 1832, in Tennessee. He was poorly educated, the sum total of his schooling being about three months. In 1870 he came in possession of 160 acres of land, mostly timbered. He now has ninety acres cleared and under cultivation. He married Nancy A. Harris March 21, 1865. To them were born five children: Albert (deceased), Olga, Marshal (deceased), Homer, Delle, and one unnamed. At the end of eight years his wife died, and January 6, 1879, he married Malissa Anderson, born August 14, 1852. They are the parents of four children, three unnamed and Dora. During the war Mr. Wineinger was mail carrier from Jasper to Albany. He is a Democrat, and cast his first vote for Douglas. He and wife are church members. [History of Pike and Dubois Counties, 1885 Dubois County, Boone Twp, p. 715 ]