ANCESTRY OF MY FAMILY QUILT
By Ora T. Clark Jr.
Surnames used: BRUDLEY, CLARK, DOW, GARBER, HOYT, INGALLS, MILLS, MONTGOMERY, OSGOOD, SHAVER, SMITH, ROWLEY, THOMPSON, WILDER
a family tradition that the Quilt pictured
below was created by an ancestress during the War of 1812 while she
her fiancée to return. By tradition
was to be handed down through a female line of descendants. While the events recorded here all occurred
DIAGRAM OF CHARACTERS
Asa MONTGOMERY-----Barbara KENNEDY
Susan MONTGOMERY-----Enos ROWLEY
| | | | | |
John Martin Sylvia Cornelia Charles One other son
ROWLEY ROWLEY ROWLEY ROWLEY ROWLEY Five other daughters
m 1850 m 1839
William INGALLS John THOMPSON
Lovina m 1859
Lana Jane INGALLS Lillian INGALLS
son CLARK Mildred CLARK DOW
Melodie Anne CLARK SHAVER
Unfortunately, no one ever recorded any details of when the Quilt was handed to the next generation and to whom until my cousin, Alberta GARBER MILLS, left notes about 1965 of what she knew. Following is what she had recorded on a 3x5 file card
was appliqaed (sic) and quilted when one of our ancestresses (sic) was
for her lover to come back from the War of 1812. There
was no history written so all
information is lost until it came into the possession of Lovina
Ingalls who passed it on to her eldest daughter, Lana Ingalls Clark. Lana had no daughters so it was passed to her
sister, Lillian Ingalls Garber who passed it to her daughter Alberta
DOW gave the Quilt to my daughter,
Melodie Anne CLARK SHAVER, who has two daughters and a granddaughter
became evident that Mildred’s daughter Nancy would not have a daughter.
From the time Lana received the Quilt,
between 1880 and 1900, until 1993 it resided in Steuben Co., IN. and
known that William and Lovina THOMPSON INGALLS
were my great grandparents but nothing more than what was contained in
a bio of
William from “1885 History of Steuben County”1.
(The reader is invited to read this bio at this point
in the end note cited.) I never really
paid much attention to it until commencing this endeavor.
Lana and Lillian are listed as his children
in this bio. The sketch also lists his
wife as Lovina and her parents as John and Cornelia THOMPSON. As
According to the tradition, Cornelia probably received the Quilt from her mother, but who was she? Without William’s bio and the mention of Lovina’s parents, I would never have been able to begin this search to answer that question.
For months I had
no idea what Cornelia’s maiden
name was. It was only in April 2008 that
I found a marriage record for John THOMPSON and Cornelia ROWLEY on
the census reports, I had already determined
that John and Cornelia lived in Wood Co.,
obituaries and death records for John and
Cornelia turned out to be a simple task.
Now the search could really begin
for Cornelia ROWLEY’S parents and perhaps the producer of the Quilt. Since
Cornelia was so young when married, I made the assumption that John and
father were possibly good friends and/or neighbors. With
this in mind, I searched the 18606 census in
fellow researcher suggested checking the
patent shows that he was located in
So far Susan
looks like a good bet for the creator
of the Quilt but can I determine anything more about her, or Enos? I located Enos in the 185010
census with his wife
Susan and several children; I then found some of the same children and
on ROWLEY RESEARCH. FamilySearch.org did
not return any marriage information for Enos and Susan although they
been married at least by 1818 since the oldest child, Elizabeth, was
1819 according to ROWLEY RESEARCH.
However, the FamilySearch.org web site did return a birth date
for Susan11. Remember
that the tradition stated that the
Quilt was made during the War of 1812.
This information, together with the birth date of
Before going further I should mention that I tried to find Enos, 25 years old, in the 1820 census anywhere in the country without any luck. Since ROWLEY RESEARCH gave his father as Seth ROWLEY I tried locating him in the 1820 census12. Reviewing the enumeration numbers for this census show a 16-25 male and a 16-25 female living with Seth’s household. It is possible these might be Enos and Susan living with Seth. On the other hand, there is no one year old baby as required by the ROWLEY RESEARCH showing that Susan’s eldest daughter was born in 1819. Perhaps they were with Seth and the enumerator failed to list the baby. Or perhaps they lived elsewhere and were simply overlooked by the census enumerators. So we really don’t know where Enos and Susan were living in 1820.
researchers had listed Enos death as
I have just made
contact, Nov 2008, with another
researcher of the Enos Rowley family, Tere Dare. She
was kind enough to provide a biographical
sketch14 of Charles
ROWLEY, a younger son of Enos and Susan.
It mentions that his mother was killed in a buggy accident in
going to visit a daughter in Summit Co. who was ill.
There is one intervening county between
There is a web
that both Enos and Susan are interred in the
ENOS ROWLEY vs. MYRON ROWLEY
record from the Branch Co.,
Michigan County Clerk16 provided
some rather disconcerting information.
This gave her parents names as Myron Rowley17 and
Montgomery. Amazing that it listed the
same surnames I had been working with but different given names. The ROWLEY RESEARCH site7
does reveal a Myron ROWLEY
Long ago I
learned the importance of never making
assumptions. That is a very important
lesson in life as well as genealogy but even at my advanced age I still
forget, much to my chagrin. Tere
suggested that perhaps Barbara, Asa MONTGOMERY’S wife, may have made
Quilt. I should have checked this
possibility when I first looked at the census records for Asa
MONTGOMERY. Looking again, both the 1800
and 1810 census18 listed the age of Asa and
his wife as over 45. This would make Asa
a bit old, over 57 for the War of 1812; not impossible but not very
likely. For that reason I initially
rejected Asa’s wife as a possible maker of the Quilt.
Taking another look at the census records, I
found both an Asa MONTGOMERY and an Asa MONTGOMERY JR. listed in the
listing for an Asa (Sr.?) shows him in
the age group over 45 as originally noted.
The other listing was for Asa
Jr. in the age group 26-44 with 8 youths under 25 but there seems to be
listing for Barbara (Susan’s mother). (From
a web site19 giving vital
statistics for the Montgomery family, Asa Sr. would be 73 in 1820 and
39 years) No listing was found for Asa
Jr. in the 1800 and 1810 census although other sources place him in
From the web site19 mentioned above, we find the marriage of
Asa Jr. to
Barbara KENNEDY on
IS THE TRADITION REGARDING THE QUILT CORRECT?
investigation continues. At the
beginning of the War of 1812 Susan was only 11 years old and 14 when it
in 1815. That seems a bit young to us
today to accomplish such a project but not unheard of in that day. If it was a product of Barbara’s labors, it
could easily have been a shared labor with Susan. Also
to be affianced, especially since Susan’s
home and Enos’ are separated by a distance of about 150 miles, would
seem to be
a problem for them. What
could have brought them together over
that distance and at such a youthful age?
On the other hand, the ladies did marry quite young in those
days. They must have married about 1818 or
the oldest daughter was born
So where do we stand? The basis for the relationship between Cornelia and Susan is still circumstantial, although very, very strong. We would still like to have positive proof that Susan is Cornelia’s mother. The relationship between Susan and Barbara is well documented. If the evidence that Susan is Cornelia’s mother holds up then either Susan or Barbara could have made the Quilt. The search for service during the War of 1812 by Enos or Asa Jr. must continue by contacting National Archives and Records Administration.
I had completed the above investigations when I learned that it was possible in many instances to date fabrics. If I had followed that line of investigation earlier, it would have saved a lot of work. On the other hand, if I had dated the quilt earlier I might never have attempted this investigation and thus never uncovered the ancestral connections with the Rowley and Montgomery families.
Bette G. Bell of Guildmark Appraisal Service who provided a report20 dated
So the chance of the quilt having been made during the War of 1812 according to the family tradition would appear to be remote. So has this whole thing been an exercise in futility? I don’t believe so.
Let’s make a list of what I have learned or can deduce.
1. There is a compelling array of circumstantial evidence that the ROWLEY family is amongst my ancestors, so compelling that I am willing to accept it as fact even though I will continue to search for hard evidence. This family can trace its roots in this country to about 1633 in Plymouth Colony. Evidence that Cornelia THOMPSON is the daughter of Susan MONTGOMERY ROWLEY and that the ROWLEY’S are therefore my ancestors can be summarized as follows.
obituary gives her place and date of birth as Onondaga Co.,
b. Enos and Susan ROWLEY sold property in Onondaga Co., NY in 1829.
(What are the odds of the two events occurring within 5 years of each other in the same location if not within the same family?)
c. The 1830 census for Enos ROWLEY lists a 5-10 year old female, Cornelia’s age bracket.
d. Enos ROWLEY
and John THOMPSON
obtained land grants on the same day,
e. The bio1 of William INGALLS states
that he and Sylvia Rowley were married in
f. Two of Sylvia’s brothers were neighbors of William and Sylvia INGALLS during the 1850’s and 1860’s. After Sylvia’s death, William married Lovina THOMPSON, daughter of Cornelia ROWLEY THOMPSON in 1859.
THOMPSON and Cornelia were living in
These relationships are all just too
interwoven to be coincidence. The
presence of John and Martin ROWLEY in Otsego Township, Steuben Co.,
2. The evidence
cited in #1
above will hold true for the
3. The movements of John Thompson and his family are well documented except for Lovina’s appearance in the household of William Ingalls. I am theorizing that perhaps Sylvia had become ill and Lovina went to help care for her aunt? See item 1.f above.
4. The appraisal report mentions that the maker of the Quilt was probably from a family with of some discretionary income. Looking at the value of real estate reported on the 1860 and 1870 census returns, Cornelia would probably best fit this criterion and still keep at least this part of the tradition. Susan would be a close second while Lovina would be a distant third choice.
5. Here are several things I’ve learned (relearned?) and are good reminders for all researchers.
THOU SHALT NOT ASSUME: This probably is one of the first rules brought to my attention when I first embarked upon my career 60 years ago. Because I fail, I am still chagrined every once in a while, I call it to your attention in hopes that you will benefit by being reminded once again.
SPELLING: Census enumerators were noted for taking license with the spelling of names. But care must be exercised even with other documents, often taken as gospel. In this exercise, Cornelia’s name was spelled Correilia on her death certificate while John THOMPSON’S was spelled Tompkins. The problem was sorted out using probate court records.
GOOGLE NAMES: Googling the name of an individual you are researching will frequently lead you to other researchers. This can also lead you to documents mentioning the individual.
LAND PATENTS: As my example reveals, these can very helpful in locating persons when you are otherwise up against a brick wall. To learn more about land patents and what is available, visit the web site http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/land/
VERIFY WEB SITES: Always verify information; even from those which appear to be well founded. Also always document any source you take information from. This is one of my downfalls. I become excited and forget to register where I found a bit of interesting data.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
I was born in
After retiring I took a course in genealogy. The first thing the instructor asked us to do was to write a monograph of childhood memories if for no other reason than to leave a legacy to your grandchildren. This I did and finished with over 100 pages. I found that while preparing this monograph, one memory would trigger several more. This forced me to make a list before I forgot them. At one point I had a list of over 80 memories to write about. If you haven’t already done a similar project; please, I urge you to do it now. You will be leaving a legacy of untold value to your children, grandchildren and g grandchildren. If you don’t feel that you can write then use a tape recorder.
If anyone is wondering, yes, I am related to Laura INGALLS WILDER (author of “Little House on the Prairie” books). She is my 7th cousin, once removed, with our common ancestor being Henry INGALLS I and Mary OSGOOD who were born in England and came to Massachusetts sometime during the 1630’s with their parents when children.
R. Ingalls was born in
Ingalls was again married
2. FamilySearch.org, International Genealogical Index
locality listed in record. John Thompson
and Cornelia Rowley,
3 1840, 1850, 1860 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
OHIO, WOOD CO., MILTON TWP.
Series: M704 Roll: 434 Page: 432
OHIO, WOOD CO., MILTON TWP.
Series: M432 Roll: 741 Page: 132
OHIO, WOOD CO., MILTON TWP.
Series: M653 Roll: 1053 Page: 223
4 1870 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
MICHIGAN, Branch Co., Ovid Twp.,
Series: M593 Roll: 665 Page: 257
Heritage Room, Coldwater
Here is the obit for Cornellia Thompson:
"The above named estimable lady died at the home of her son-in-law, Mr. Henry Legge, in
Mrs. Thompson was born in
The funeral was largely attended at the Centennial schoolhouse in Ovid (Township), Wednesday afternoon, Dr. Wilson conducting the services, and four of her grandsons acting as bearers. The interment was in the
She was highly respected lady and her death will not only be regretted by the immediate relatives but also by a large circle of acquaintances."
did not find a death record or obit for
John for the date indicated, there are 6 or 7 John's in the death
index. I did find John in the
cemetery book with Cornellia and the following children:
Emma A., daughter of John and Cornellia, died Feb. 28, 1873
Edwin M., son of John and Cornellia, who died Oct. 23, 1866, age 24 years, 6 months, 21 days
Albert M, son of John and Cornellia, who died Sept 11, 1870, age 24 years, 6 months, 14 days
Alice A., born Nov. 27, 1845, died Aug 29, 1877
The burial lot is in row 4, rows running north to south”
Following is an e-mail message from the librarian.
“The only thing
find on John is the probating of his estate notice found in the
I found a record of burial being made for John who died
Census from HERITAGEQUEST
9 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M19 Roll: 129 Page: 132
10 1850 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M432 Roll: 658 Page: 470
From FamilySearch.org, International Genealogical Index
statewide indexes for
Father: ASA MONTGOMERY
12 1820 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M33 Roll: 74 Page: 125
Hardin County District Library,
Hardin Co. 1883,
at the Hardin Co.,
EARLY VITAL RECORDS OF
Authors, Daughters of the American Revolution. Sarah Corpus Chapter, (Ohio)
Branch Co. Clerk,
18 1800. 1810, 1820 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M32 Roll: 2 Page: 837
Series: M252 Roll: 3 Page: 277
Series: M33 Roll: 3 Page: 461
Series: M33 Roll: 3 Page: 445
20 Appraisal Report
Guildmark Appraisal Services
21 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M704 Roll: 65 Page: 215
22860 Census from HERITAGEQUEST
Series: M653 Roll: 298 Page: 473
Series: M653 Roll: 298 Page: 471
The Fuller Family in
25 Genealogy of some descendants of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower—Page 12
A TRIBUTE TO THE PIONEER WOMEN
I must pause for
a moment to pay tribute to the women of
that era. From the records found so far,
Enos must have
suffered from wanderlust since he moved his growing family a major
least four times. He seems to have
settled in Onondaga Co.,
What kind of rigors did she go through each day to prepare a meal? How difficult it must have been when it came time to do a laundry? Did she gather wood to build a fire to heat a large cauldron of water or did she use the nearest stream of water? Then she set up a new household practically in a wilderness with no shopping malls to call upon for help. Yes, they were indeed strong, resourceful and redoubtable women in those days. If she made the Quilt which is the subject of this monograph then I have my doubts if she ever had the time to make another one!<>
A study of the
ROWLEY RESEARCH7 site has revealed some
information. This page lists the names
of 4 sons and 4 daughters of Enos and Susan.
Obtaining Enos obituary13
later revealed that they had a total of twelve children leaving 4
unidentified. Two of the sons; John,
born 1827, and Martin, born 1833; were found in the census returns for
186021 living in
Otsego Township, Steuben Co., Indiana, the same township where William
his first wife had been residing.
also states that Sylvia’s maiden name was ROWLEY and that they were
census records my gg grandparents,
John and Cornelia THOMPSON, moved from Wood Co.,
This is truly
amazing! I was born in
discovered that a Charles HOYT of
For Enos and Susan to be in the same county as Cornelia’s birth and within 5 years of her birth is the strongest bit of circumstantial evidence yet uncovered for her parentage. At this point I am willing to accept Enos and Susan as her parents. A side advantage of accepting Enos as an ancestor is that I have added another line to my pedigree which extends back to a Henry Rowley. There is no record of when Henry first came to this country but he is mentioned in the records of the Massachusetts Plymouth Colony in 1632 on the tax rolls and 1633 when he married Ann, widow of Deacon Thomas Blossom.
A person is always gratified
with the success of a project such as this; i.e., the identification of
potential creator of the Quilt. It is
even more gratifying to add another ancestral line to ones pedigree
to the 1630’s as in this case with the ROWLEY family7. It is probable that the
Checking the distaff lines of
the ROWLEY family we discover that we are also descended from a
passenger, Edward FULLER. Edward’s
granddaughter, Elizabeth, (Matthew, Edward) married Moses ROWLEY on 22
23, 25. Edward’s great
granddaughter, Deborah, (John, Samuel, Edward) married John ROWLEY on
17167a, 23. Edward’s son
Checking even further we find
that we have a second Mayflower passenger among our Rowley ancestors,
on the distaff side. Seth Rowley’s
ancestry can be traced through the distaff side (starting with his
mother) as Rebecca
Hurd Brainard, Rebecca Higgins, Hannah Rogers, Joseph Rogers, Thomas
Rogers. Thomas died during that first
winter leaving his 18 year old son, Joseph who was also a passenger. Thomas’ wife, Alice, and three other children
had remained behind in